Publicado por: pongpesca | 2019/02/28

How Do You Protect a Species You Can’t See?

“Conservation relies on knowing what species are located where. That means identifying where vulnerable plants and animals are to protect them, and knowing where harmful, invasive plants and animals are to get rid of them. It’s hard to know where things are underwater, so conservation is always more complicated there. Untitled

To help study these species that are hard to see or otherwise observe, some scientists have turned to something called environmental DNA (or eDNA) — genetic material that’s been shed into the environment, often from fur, skin flakes, body fluids and feces.

Studying eDNA lets scientists peer into the depths of oceans, lakes and rivers. It also works on land, but that takes more effort. The scientists developing lab techniques for eDNA say it’s time to let it do the important work of finding out where things are — not just manatees in Africa, but a broad range of species with roles in a range of conservation issues.”

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Fonte: The Revelator, 27 de fevereiro de 2019.

“O Tribunal Central Administrativo (TCA) do Sul anulou a sentença do Tribunal Administrativo de Loulé, que suspendeu a licença de prospeção de petróleo ao largo de Aljezur. Uma decisão criticada pela Plataforma Algarve Livre de Petróleo (PALP), que acusa o tribunal de segunda instância de «ignorar o direito ao “princípio da precaução” previsto na Lei de Bases do Ambiente de 2014».
O movimento anti-prospeção e exploração de hidrocarbonetos considera que o acordão «coloca o formal à frente do substancial, apesar de dar como provado que a operação de sondagem pode provocar danos nos cetáceos, decorrentes do ruído, e de dar como provado que a operação de sondagem pode provocar poluição no mar devido à utilização de produtos químicos. O TCA, ainda assim, considera que nada disto é suficiente para travar o projeto».”

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Fonte: Sul Informação, 26 de fevereiro de 2019

Publicado por: pongpesca | 2019/02/27

‘Oceans have direct role in climate change’

Flag Officer Commanding in Chief of Eastern Naval Command Vice Admiral Karambir Singh speaking at the inaugural session in Visakhapatnam on Monday.“About 71% of of the earth’s surface is covered with water and in that cover oceans hold about 96.5% of the total water cover and keeping that in mind, the health of the oceans plays a vital role in the overall impact on climate.
This was the general observation by the experts at the inaugural session of the three-day second World Ocean Science Congress (WOCS) that began here at Andhra University on Monday.
All the experts were of the opinion that it was time for all stakeholders to come together to a common consensus to stop the degradation of the oceans and work towards a better future, as oceans have a direct role in climate change.”

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Fonte: The Hindu, 26 de fevereiro de 2019

Publicado por: pongpesca | 2019/02/27

PIANGO alerta para riscos da mineração de mar profundo

PIANGO“A Associação de Organizações Não-Governamentais das Ilhas do Pacífico (PIANGO) alertou o Governo das Ilhas do Pacífico sobre os riscos da mineração de mar profundo para os ambientes marinhos, segundo o Maritime Executive. “O que estamos a pedir aos nossos Governos é que sejam responsáveis ​​nesta questão e não tomem decisões precipitadas. Tenham uma compreensão clara do que está envolvido”, referiu a Directora Executiva da PIANGO, Emele Duituturaga.
Pelo que a Directora Executiva da PIANGO solicita a proibição da mineração, sustentando a ideia de que está cada vez mais claro que a narrativa de crescimento azul das organizações internacionais inclui a mineração de mar profundo, não tendo estas, no entanto, em conta as ameaças deste procedimento à pesca e à subsistência dos oceanos na região.”

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Fonte: Jornal da Economia do Mar, 22 de fevereiro de 2019

Publicado por: pongpesca | 2019/02/26

POPA procura observadores | candidaturas até 21 de março

“O Programa de Observação para as Pescas dos Açores – POPA – volta a aceitar candidaturas para observador da pesca de atum até 21 de Março do corrente. Os candidatos têm que ter mais de 18 anos e preferencialmente, formação em biologia, experiência de embarque e disponibilidade total (Maio a Outubro) para realizarem este trabalho.”

Mais informações aqui.

Fonte: POPA

Publicado por: pongpesca | 2019/02/26

Fisheries abuses condemned

Scoop“Fisheries Minister Stuart Nash has praised the fisheries compliance team and other MPI officials behind the prosecution of one of the biggest cases of illegal practices in the commercial industry.
Mr Nash says the hefty fines imposed today in the Hawke’s Bay Seafoods case send a powerful message to any commercial operators who flout the law.
The defendants pleaded guilty to 131 charges related to unreported catches of 27 tonnes of bluenose between 2012 and 2014. The Wellington District Court has imposed fines of almost $1.1 million on the general manager, directors and corporate entities behind the offending. In addition, the company must pay more than $400,000 for the return of its forfeited vessels.”

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Fonte: Scoop, 25 de fevereiro de 2019

APFF“Um grupo de ambientalistas solicitou ao Tribunal Distrital da Carolina do Sul (Estados Unidos) para bloquear o arranque das actividades de perfuração offshore de sondagem sísmica no Oceano Atlântico alegando ter sido a aprovação do Governo para tais pesquisas a cinco empresas uma violação da Lei de Proteção dos Mamíferos Marinhos, da Lei de Espécies em Perigo e da Lei Nacional de Política Ambiental, segundo o Maritime Executive.
Ao que parece, o grupo de ambientalistas não foi o único a protestar – 16 comunidades costeiras da Carolina do Sul e a Câmara do Comércio de Pequenas Empresas da Carolina do Sul também instauraram uma acção judicial no Tribunal Federal de Charleston para impedir a actividade sísmica. As duas acções fundiram-se numa só.”

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Fonte: Jornal da Economia do Mar, 25 de fevereiro de 2019

European Council - Council of the European Union“The EU is modernising its rules which govern how, where and when fishermen may fish, the so-called technical measures.
EU member states’ ambassadors today endorsed the agreement reached on 13 February between the presidency and European Parliament’s representatives on new rules on the conservation of fishery resources and the protection of marine ecosystems. These measures include specifications for fishing gears and mesh sizes, closed areas and seasons, and measures to minimize the impact of fishing on the marine ecosystem and environment.”

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Fonte: Conselho Europeu, 22 de fevereiro de 2019

MSC suspends sardine fisheries“The MSC certificates for French and Spanish purse seine sardine fisheries, the South of Brittany sardine fishery in France, and the Spanish Bay of Biscay sardine fishery, will be suspended on 12th March 2019. This was announced in the Notice of Suspension which was issued by the independent certifier, Bureau Veritas.
The suspension follows the publication, in July 2018, of updated scientific advice from the International Council for the Exploration of the Seas (ICES) that revised the understanding of the sustainability of the sardine stock and consequently advised a reduction in fishing effort.”

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Fonte: World Fishing & Aquaculture, 20 de fevereiro de 2019

marinepolicy_sem nome“Ocean plastic is a contemporary focal point of concern for the marine environment. However, we argue there are bigger issues to address, including climate change and overfishing. Plastic has become a focus in the media and public domains partly through the draw of simple lifestyle changes, such as reusable water bottles, and partly through the potential to provide ‘quick fix’ technological solutions to plastic pollution, such as large scale marine clean-up operations and new ‘biodegradable’ plastic substitutes. As such, ocean plastic can provide a convenient truth that distracts us from the need for more radical changes to our behavioural, political and economic systems, addressing which will help address larger marine environmental issues, as well as the cause of plastic pollution, i.e. over-consumption.”

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Fonte: Marine Policy, 13 de fevereiro de 2019

Single-use plastic is everywhere - how do you find solutions? “Single-use plastic is everywhere. From carrier bags, to food packaging, to delivered parcels, we have become a society almost entirely reliant on plastic.
Until alternatives are found, there are some functions of single-use plastic that are harder to avoid. But there are also plenty of examples that appear to be almost entirely unnecessary.
But in this plastic planet, some people are finding their own solutions. And that is why we want to hear from you?
Future London wants to hear from anti-plastic warriors about how they are tackling single-use plastic and replacing it with sustainable solutions.”

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Fonte: Evening Standard, 20 de fevereiro de 2019

“European Union member states are predicted to fish Northeast Atlantic stocks as much as 312,000 metric tons (MT) above the scientific advice in 2019, according to a new report published by charitable thinktank New Economics Foundation (NEF).
The latest edition of NEF’s annual “Landing the Blame” report states of the 120 total allowable catch (TAC) decisions made at the December 2018 AGRIFISH Council negotiations, 55 TACs or 46 percent were set above the advice of scientific bodies, predominantly the International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES).”

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Fonte: Seafood Source, 11 de fevereiro de 2019

Mass nesting by Olive Ridley marine turtles near Rushikulya river mouth, Odisha © Basudev Mahapatra“Fishing communities in eastern India are setting an example by protecting endangered olive ridley marine turtles during their annual mating and nesting activities, and helping millions of tiny hatchlings reach the sea safely.
As the nesting season begins, the beach between Podampeta village in Ganjam district of Odisha, India, and the Bay of Bengal gets thickly dotted with thousands of olive ridley marine turtles. Female sea turtles visit the beach en masse for the annual nesting activity called arribada, which is a synchronised, large-scale nesting of sea turtles on any single beach.”

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Fonte: lifegate, 20 de fevereiro de 2019

Publicado por: pongpesca | 2019/02/21

Brexit uncertainty hits UK fishing industry

Resultado de imagem para euronews“Nestled off Scotland’s west coast, the isle of Islay is rich fishing territory.
It sustains jobs, income for families and helps keep the island’s economy alive.
Islay Crab Exports is a family-run business, exporting crabs, lobsters, scallops and winkles. The vast majority goes to other EU countries.
Brexit weighs heavy on the minds of bosses, who turn over almost seven million euros a year.
“Most of our sales are going to France, Spain, Portugal,” Fiona McFarlane, the company’s Secretary, told Euronews. “So, a huge amount of our business is done with these countries. And all our workers are coming from Romania and Bulgaria, so this Brexit thing is going to have a huge impact on our company.””

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Fonte: euronews, 20 de fevereiro de 2019

US Coast Guard Conducts South Pacific Fisheries Patrols in Coordination With Canada“The U.S. coast guard, in coordination with Canada’s Department of Fisheries and Oceans (DFO), conducted exclusive economic zone (EEZ) patrols in the South Pacific. The effort focused on enforcing the fisheries laws of Fiji and Tuvalu.
“The presence of a high endurance Coast Guard cutter conducting operations in the region demonstrates the U.S. commitment to regional partnerships and strengthening a coalition of like-minded countries to strengthen regional maritime governance and promote a rules-based regime for fisheries,” a U.S. Coast Guard statement noted in January.”

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Fonte: The Diplomat, 20 de fevereiro de 2019

Publicado por: pongpesca | 2019/02/21

MARISCAR SEM LIXO – 24 de fevereiro

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Mais informação aqui.

Fonte: Ocean Alive

Krill“Antarctic krill, the thumb-sized crustaceans that form the foundation of the Southern Ocean food web, are facing increasing pressure from climate change, underscoring the need to protect this keystone species and its habitat.
A study analyzing 90 years of data, published Jan. 21 in the journal Nature Climate Change, found that the center of the krill population near the Antarctic Peninsula has shifted about 440 kilometers (nearly 275 miles) southward, and that the number of juveniles has dropped since 1970. This news has huge implications: As warming waters and sea ice loss force krill to retreat toward the continent—where the landmass blocks further southward movement—their available habitat decreases, which might lead to further drops in their numbers, and cascading impacts on the entire Southern Ocean food web.”

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Fonte: Pew Charitable Trusts, 20 de fevereiro de 2019

Publicado por: pongpesca | 2019/02/20

Seafood giant to spend up to $23 million to fix pollution

“SEATTLE (AP) — The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency says one of the nation’s biggest seafood companies has agreed to spend up to $23 million to fix serious air pollution issues with its vessels and land-based facilities.
Seattle-based Trident Seafoods will also pay a $900,000 fine for Clean Air Act violations under a settlement agreement filed Tuesday in federal court in Alaska.
The company uses ozone-depleting coolants in its refrigerators. While the law requires any leaks to be fixed within 30 days, the government said Trident allowed some leaks to persist for years. The EPA said more than 200,000 pounds of harmful gases were released into the atmosphere.”

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Fonte: Seattle Times, 20 de fevereiro de 2019

“O ministro das Pescas de Moçambique acusou a União Europeia (UE) de falta de transparência nas negociações da pesca de atum nas águas daquele país lusófono, em entrevista à edição desta quarta-feira do jornal Notícias.
“Sentimos que havia vontade da UE de perpetuar no acordo de quarta geração uma regra de falta de transparência. Nós achamos que podemos discutir isso com qualquer outro bloco, mas nunca com a UE, que é uma comunidade que se pauta por regras de boa governação”, disse Agostinho Mondlane.”

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Fonte: Observador, 20 de fevereiro de 2019

logotipo dn 183952_196072783754374_196651_n“A plataforma de entidades contesta o Projeto de Melhoria das Acessibilidades do Porto de Setúbal. As entidades lamentam não terem sido ouvidas sobre o projeto e admitem inclusive recorrer à Comunidade Europeia.
Hoje lançaram uma petição dirigida aos ministérios do Mar, do Ambiente e da Economia e à Secretaria de Estado do Turismo, que é também uma posição conjunta contra o projeto. Existem ainda duas providências cautelares no Tribunal Administrativo de Almada, depois de outra, interposta pela associação Clube Arrábida, ter sido rejeitada pelo Tribunal na sexta-feira.
“Vamos continuar a apoiar essas ações judiciais e procurar outras também. Foi aqui falada [a hipótese de] uma queixa à Comunidade Europeia que também será uma via que nós poderemos optar”, disse Pedro Vieira, do Clube Arrábida.”

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Fonte: Diário de Notícias, 18 de fevereiro de 2019

maritime affairs, fisheries, Europe“Some of the priorities for the environment, maritime affairs and fisheries in Europe are charted here when it comes to the all-important European Commission policy around these crucial themes
One of the responsibilities of European Commissioner for the Environment, Maritime Affairs and Fisheries, Karmenu Vella, is protecting the environment while maintaining the competitiveness of Europe. We’ll be looking at an example of this in this article that concerns air quality, as well as aspects of European Commission policy around maritime affairs and fisheries.”

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Fonte: Open Access Government, 15 de fevereiro de 2019

Publicado por: pongpesca | 2019/02/18

Sustainability is key to fisheries bill

Brown trout“In a few weeks the government’s fisheries bill will return to the House of Commons. The environment secretary, Michael Gove, has claimed that his plans enable the UK to “take back control” of its waters and establish a worldwide “gold standard” for sustainable fisheries. It is a crucial part of the government’s pledge to enhance protections for the environment and deliver on its promise of a green Brexit. Yet, if the government’s current plans are implemented, our marine environment will be less protected after Brexit than it is now.”

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Fonte: The Guardian, 15 de fevereiro de 2019

logotipo dn 183952_196072783754374_196651_n“Em declarações à Lusa após um encontro com a secretária de Estado dos Negócios Estrangeiros e da Cooperação portuguesa, Teresa Ribeiro, Micheni Ntiba referiu ainda o interesse do país em receber investimentos privados portugueses em projetos ligados às pescas e aquacultura.
No encontro participou também o secretário de Estado da Cooperação queniano, Macharia Kamau.
O encontro no Ministério dos Negócios Estrangeiros vem no seguimento da visita de Teresa Ribeiro a Nairobi, em junho de 2018, e teve por objetivo dar continuidade ao reforço das relações bilaterais e de cooperação entre os dois países, incluindo na perspetiva da organização conjunta da Conferência dos Oceanos 2020 das Nações Unidas.”

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Fonte: Diário de Notícias, 11 de fevereiro de 2019

“Even though the Western Waters multi-annual plan (WWMAP) does set a long-term, regionalized framework for Atlantic fisheries, it lacks concrete measures on vital environmental issues such as protection of essential fish habitats and fish stock recovery areas, i.e. spawning and nursery grounds, as well as sound management targets for unwanted catches, the so-called bycatch.
Unfortunately, the plan also still allows for fishing above sustainable levels in certain cases and shows a double standard in management by setting different objectives for the target stocks and lowering conservation efforts for bycatch stocks.”

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Fonte: eu reporter, 13 de fevereiro de 2019

ScienceDaily“”Our fundamental question with this study was: does fish farming conserve wild fish?” says Stefano Longo, an associate professor of sociology at North Carolina State University and first author of a paper on the work. “The answer is: not really.”
To determine the impact of aquaculture efforts on traditional, or “capture” fisheries, Longo and his collaborators looked at data from the World Bank and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, from 1970 to 2014. Specifically, the researchers evaluated data that shed light on changes in aquaculture and traditional fisheries, such as aquaculture production numbers and the number of fish harvested by wild fisheries.”

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Fonte: ScienceDaily, 11 de fevereiro de 2019

Publicado por: pongpesca | 2019/02/15

Tuna investigation slams use of FADs in Indian Ocean

Resultado de imagem para seafood source logo“An investigation by French state television broadcaster France 2 into the use of fish aggregating devices (FADs) to catch juvenile yellowfin tuna in the Indian Ocean, aimed to highlight the dark side of the industry to consumers.
Use of FADs has been widespread since the 1980s, but their use now sits at the center of global discussions on the long-term sustainability of tuna stocks and the ecological impact of tuna fisheries. An addition to being associated with the catch of juvenile tuna, FADs are linked to bycatch of vulnerable non-target species such as barracudas, sharks, and turtles, the modification of tuna habitat, damage to coastal habitats from lost and broken-up structures that end up on beaches, and interference with other maritime activities, France 2 reported.”

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Fonte: Seafood Source, 11 de fevereiro de 2019

Publicado por: pongpesca | 2019/02/13

Fisheries corruption claims ‘just tip of iceberg’

The Federation of Maltese Aquaculture Producers has called for the industry to be safeguarded. File photo: Jonathan Borg“Phone intercepts between the head of the fisheries department and a Spanish tuna rancher linked to a multimillion-euro racket were “just the tip of the iceberg”, sources close to the case said on Tuesday.
“This case is about to start unravelling in the Spanish court and will expose just how dirty the tuna industry can be and the extent of the irregularities taking place in Maltese waters,” a Spanish source familiar with the Madrid court proceedings said.
Fisheries Department director Andreina Fenech Farrugia was on Tuesday suspended on full pay in the wake of allegations that she had demanded money off a Spanish tuna kingpin.
She denies the claims made in her regard.”

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Fonte: Times of Malta, 13 de fevereiro de 2019

Publicado por: pongpesca | 2019/02/13

“Quando alguém come peixe, está a consumir plástico”

“Shawn Heinrichs é mergulhador, biólogo marinho, fotógrafo, fundador da Blue Sphere Foundation, membro da Sea Legacy e diretor de fotografia de documentários como Racing Extinction.
Natural de Durban, na África do Sul, vive no Colorado, EUA, mas viaja por todo o mundo. Tem 47 anos e, neste tema, colabora frequentemente com a ONU.
Ao DN, em entrevista por e-mail, o vencedor do prémio Sea Hero of the Year de 2011 fala do flagelo do plástico no mar e da urgência de salvar a vida nos oceanos.”

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Fonte: Diário de Notícias, 11 de fevereiro de 2019

A California sea lion ambles towards the Pacific Ocean in Newport, Oregon. “Animal control in the western United States just got more extreme.
A new law allows some Native American tribes to kill sea lions that have been devouring the region’s endangered salmon and steelhead — as long as they first get a permit.
The law, passed by Congress and signed by President Trump last month, amends the Marine Mammal Protection Act of 1972 to ease protections on California and Steller sea lions in the Columbia River, the Willamette River and their tributaries.
It authorizes the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) to issue the permits to the Nez Perce Tribe, the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation, the Confederated Tribes of the Warm Springs Reservation of Oregon and the Confederated Tribes and Bands of the Yakama Nation.”

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Fonte: CNN, 30 de janeiro de 2019

Publicado por: pongpesca | 2019/02/12

What is Deep Sea Mining? Episódio 3: O Caso dos Açores

 

Mais informação e outros episódios aqui e aqui.

Fonte: Inhabitants

Resultado de imagem para euronews logo“In a tightened up policing of their fishing industry Thailand has begun intercepting and inspecting fishing boats far out at sea this year, one of many new measures to curb its dangerously high levels of overfishing.
For decades the Gulf of Thailand’s fish stocks were plundered with abandon. Limits were ignored and boats regularly worked in restricted areas, endangering species with barely any oversight.
Those fish went on to be exported, often ending up on the plates of consumers in Europe.
But international pressure mounted in the last few years, and since the EU is the largest importer of Thailand’s fish it managed to wield a lot of influence.”

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Fonte: euronews, 9 de fevereiro de 2019

“European Parliament and the European Council have reached an agreement on the European Commission’s proposal establishing a multi-annual plan for fish stocks in the western Mediterranean Sea. Once formally adopted, this will be the first multi-annual plan at European Union level in the Mediterranean Sea.
It’s hoped the agreement, which mainly covers areas concerning France, Italy, and Spain – encompassing almost 10,900 vessels – will help restore the region’s stocks to levels that can ensure social and economic viability for fishers.
E.U. Commissioner for the Environment, Maritime Affairs and Fisheries Karmenu Vella said the new plan was a “momentous leap forward” in delivering on the “concrete E.U. commitment” to restore vital fish stocks and prevent fisheries job losses.”

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Fonte: Seafood Source, 7 de fevereiro de 2019

A humpback whale's tail pictured with blue fishing line dragging behind it as the animal swims.“It has been widely reported that plastic bottles and straws are poisoning the world’s oceans, but the real threat to large marine mammals is more likely to be fishing nets.
Whales, dolphins, porpoises, seals, fish, turtles and sharks are all vulnerable to fishing gear, and they are getting into trouble up and down the British coastline.
When animals get unintentionally captured in a fishing haul, it’s called bycatch. Larger animals such as whales can also get lines or discarded nets wrapped around them, which is known as entanglement.”

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Fonte: Natural History Museum, 6 de fevereiro de 2019

“O secretário de Estado Adjunto para a Economia Marítima anunciou esta terça-feira que 2019 vai ser o “ano de viragem” para o sector das pescas em Cabo Verde, lembrando se tratar de uma área “extremamente importante” para a economia cabo-verdiana.
“2019 será o ano de viragem para o sector das pescas que é importante para a economia do país. Nós temos como política no sector a melhoria da pesca artesanal, empoderar o sector semi-industrial e criar um sector industrial”, afirmou o secretário de Estado Adjunto para a Economia Marítima, Paulo Veiga.”

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Fonte: Jornal Económico, 6 de fevereiro de 2019

Aves marinas“La Plataforma de ONG portuguesas sobre la Pesca (que agrupa a Apece, Geota, LPN, OMA, Quercus, Sciaena, Spea y WWF) –PONG-Pesca– ha remitido una carta a la ministra del Mar de Portugal, Ana Paula Vitorino, para pedir que el país intervenga ante el impacto que supone para la biodiversidad marina las capturas accidentales. “Solo en aguas europeas se estima que anualmente mueren 200 000 aves y 44 000 tortugas marinas a causa de interacciones con artes de pesca: este es un problema grave de conservación que puede y debe ser prevenido y mitigado sin implicar impactos económicos o sociales”, explican las ONG a la ministra en la misiva. Entre las especies que citan las ONG, están la pardela balear, pardela cenicienta el alcatraz; así como cetáceos, tortugas y tiburones.”

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Fonte: Industrias Pesqueras, 7 de fevereiro de 2019

“Once you get past the initial “ick” factor — art made from used drinking straws? — you realize the idea is brilliant.
Every year, millions of plastic straws get thrown away, one by one, and far too many end up polluting our environment. Our oceans are filling with these toxic bits of plastic, and the impact on sea life and our planet’s water is undeniably worrisome. But who thinks of that when you drop one single, tiny straw into a trash can?
Beginning today at the Carnegie Science Center, you can see in vivid color what just five months of straws discarded in Pittsburgh actually look like. (Here’s how those straws were originally collected. Did you participate?)”

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Fonte: Next Pittsburgh, 15 de janeiro de 2019

Publicado por: pongpesca | 2019/02/08

Baleias-de-bico preferem alimentar-se em áreas de sondas

Baleias-de-bico“De acordo com uma investigação do Instituto de Pesquisas do Aquário da Baía de Monterrey, na Califórnia, apesar da perturbação das sondas, as baleias-de-bico preferem alimentar-se nas áreas onde se encontram as faixas de sondas de teste usadas pela Marinha dos Estados Unidos em formação anti-submarinos, uma vez que nestas se encontram mais fragmentos de uma espécie de lula de que se alimentam, a Gonatus.
Depois de uma acção judicial instaurada por ambientalistas contra os riscos destes equipamentos nos habitats aquáticos, a Marinha criou zonas de habitats livres das sondas de testes e gastou milhões de dólares em apoio às baleias-bico e outros mamíferos.”

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Fonte: Jornal de Economia do Mar, 5 de fevereiro de 2019

The sea is full of billions of tiny pieces of plastic, which are stuck together by bacteria, researchers found“Plastic in the oceans is being turned into an even greater threat to small sea creatures than previously thought because bacteria are sticking particles of it together, scientists have discovered.
Glue-like substances secreted by bacteria are sticking tiny bits of plastic to form larger clusters that marine animals could mistake for food, experts fear.
They also worry that the clumping could divert the natural flow of food from the ocean surface to the seafloor, leading to deep sea creatures being starved.
Researchers at Heriot-Watt University in Edinburgh staged experiments with seawater, adding plastics in conditions simulating the ocean surface.”

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Fonte: Independent, 3 de feveireiro de 2019

no caption“The amount of fish being discarded by commercial fishers could be dramatically reduced under proposed new rules.
If introduced they would represent some of the most significant changes since the introduction of the quota management system 30 years ago.
Critics of the current system said it incentivised operators to dump vast quantities of dead fish, which threatened fish stocks.
A document proposing the rules laid out three options including requiring all target species to be landed regardless of their size, flexibility so more undersized fish could be discarded, or maintaining the status quo.”

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Fonte: RNZ, 4 de fevereiro de 2019

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“The largest marine national park in the Western Mediterranean opened off the coast of a Balearic island on Friday after a decade-long push to increase protection for the area.
The Cabrera park, south of Mallorca, covers an area of 90,794 hectares, having started as a joint land and sea protected area in 1991. It enjoys the maximum level of legal protection for a natural space under Spanish law.
Ricadro Aguilar, of the Oceana Europe environmental NGO, said the opening of the Cabrera National Park was a “great day” for the Mediterranean.”

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Fonte: EuroWeekly, 3 de fevereiro de 2019

Sooty tern numbers on Acension have plummeted over the past few decades“A population crash in a massive seabird colony on Ascension Island has been attributed to a poor diet after their normal food sources dried up.
Numbers of sooty terns living in the UK overseas territory have plummeted by over 80 per cent in recent decades, from several million to just a few hundred thousand.
New research suggests the bird’s downfall is the result of poor quality food, after industrial fishing and climate change combined to rob them of their usual diet.
Instead they have had to turn to relatively low-nutrient food such as squid, snails and locusts.
Scientists arrived at this conclusion after efforts by the RSPB to eradicate feral cats from the island failed to bolster tern populations.”

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Fonte: Independent, 4 de fevereiro de 2019

Publicado por: pongpesca | 2019/02/05

Mackerel is off the menu as stocks fall

The Marine Stewardship Council says catches of mackerel are far higher than advised by scientists“It’s delicious, it’s good for you and until now you didn’t even have to feel guilty about eating it because it has been in plentiful supply.
But conservationists are warning shoppers to avoid mackerel, which is set to lose its status as a sustainable food because of rampant overfishing.
Retailers use the blue tick label of the Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) on packaging to guide shoppers to fish caught at sustainable levels.”

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Fonte: The Times, 2 de fevereiro de 2019

“A new international study finds that the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation (MOC), a deep-ocean process that plays a key role in regulating Earth’s climate, is primarily driven by cooling waters west of Europe.
In a departure from the prevailing scientific view, the study shows that most of the overturning and variability is occurring not in the Labrador Sea off Canada, as past modeling studies have suggested, but in regions between Greenland and Scotland. There, warm, salty, shallow waters carried northward from the tropics by currents and wind, sink and convert into colder, fresher, deep waters moving southward through the Irminger and Iceland basins.
Overturning variability in this eastern section of the ocean was seven times greater than in the Labrador Sea, and it accounted for 88 percent of the total variance documented across the entire North Atlantic over the 21-month study period.”

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Fonte: Science Daily, 31 de janeiro de 2019

“A Unidade de Controlo Costeiro da Guarda Nacional Republicana (GNR) está a apertar a fiscalização. De acordo com o Jornal de Notícias, nos últimos três meses foram apreendidas mais de oito toneladas de sardinha ilegal, na lota de Matosinhos. No mercado negro, esta quantidade de peixe tem um valor aproximado de 50 mil euros.
Os pescadores acusam as embarcações espanholas de virem pescar de forma ilegal em águas nacionais. Há também quem afirme que as capturas são feitas por pescadores portugueses que, de vez em quando, “fintam as autoridades”.
A Unidade de Controlo da GNR identificou cinco pessoas e duas empresas. A GNR reconhece, no entanto, a dificuldade de chegar aos responsáveis por este negócio ilegal da pesca.”

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Fonte: TSF, 1 de fevereiro de 2019

Fonte: Life Berlengas

Publicado por: pongpesca | 2019/02/01

Shark on UK plates highlights trade in endangered species

Spiny dogfish shark“Meat from endangered sharks is finding its way on to the British menu, according to a study.
DNA tests show that shark products destined for restaurants include two species vulnerable to extinction.
Consumers may be unaware what shark they are eating – and whether it is from a sustainable population, British scientists say.
The UK is playing a continuing role in the “damaging trade in endangered shark species”, they say.
One of the two threatened sharks identified – the scalloped hammerhead – is subject to international restrictions.”

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Fonte: BBC News, 31 de janeiro de 2019

microplastic“Microplastics are being widely ingested by Britain’s marine mammals, scientists say, with samples found in every animal examined in a study.
The research on 50 stranded creatures including porpoises, dolphins, grey seals and a pygmy sperm whale is the most comprehensive analysis of microplastics in the digestive tracts of both wild cetaceans and seals.
“It’s shocking – but not surprising – that every animal had ingested microplastics,” said Sarah Nelms, of the University of Exeter and Plymouth Marine Laboratory (PML), lead author of the research published in the journal Scientific Reports.”

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Fonte: The Guardian, 31 de janeiro de 2019

Publicado por: pongpesca | 2019/02/01

Starving Seabirds

declining worldwide seabird community by David Grémillet“Recent studies show human fishing fleets are out-competing seabirds for fish, leading to steep population declines and degraded marine ecosystems.
Almost two decades ago, a study by Jeremy Jackson from Scripps Institution of Oceanography, with international colleagues, concluded that “extinction caused by overfishing precedes all other pervasive human disturbance to coastal ecosystems, including pollution … and climate change.”
Five years later, in 2006, research by Boris Worm from Dalhousie University in Canada, and others, documented an “accelerating loss” of biodiversity in marine ecosystems as “recovery potential, stability, and water quality decreased exponentially.””

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Fonte: Greenpeace International, 31 de janeiro de 2019

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