Resultado de imagem para plos one logo“More than three-quarters of marine mammal and sea turtle populations have significantly increased after listing of the U.S. Endangered Species Act (ESA), according to a study published January 16 in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Abel Valdivia of the Center for Biological Diversity in California, and colleagues. The findings suggest that conservation measures such as tailored species management and fishery regulations, in addition to other national and international measures, appear to have been largely successful in promoting species recovery, leading to the delisting of some species and to increases in most populations.”

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Fonte: PLOS One, 16 de janeiro de 2019

Anúncios

IMAGE“A scientific study published in the journal Global Change Biology suggests snoek (Thyrsites atun) can recolonize the marine area of the Beagle Channel and South-Western Atlantic waters, an area in the American continent where this species competed with the hake (Merluccius sp.) to hunt preys in warmer periods.
The conclusions open a new scene regarding the prediction of potential changes that can affect trophic networks in this marine region -where the hake is a key species for industrial fisheries- due the effect of the rise of ocean temperatures due global change.”

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Fonte: EurekAlert, 17 de janeiro de 2019

Publicado por: pongpesca | 2019/01/18

Should whale welfare be considered in sustainable fishing?

Should whale welfare be considered in sustainable fishing?“Hundreds of thousands of whales and dolphins are killed each year as bycatch in commercial fishing. Many times that number are injured or crippled in their encounters with fishing equipment. Yet unless their deaths pose a species-level threat, the welfare of bycaught cetaceans is rarely a factor in evaluating a fishery’s sustainability.
Given what scientists know about cetacean suffering, and the public’s deep sympathy for these animals, is it time to overhaul what’s considered sustainable?”

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Fonte: Anthropocene, 16 de janeiro de 2019

Millions of tonnes of plastic waste end up in the oceans each year“The oceans are facing a perfect storm of threats that will destroy marine life unless the government takes urgent action, a new report has warned.
Plastic pollution, climate change, and overfishing are combining to put sea creatures under intolerable stress, according to MPs on the Environmental Audit Committee.
The report, Sustainable Seas, says the UK government treats the oceans as “out of sight, out of mind” and must lead an international effort to stop the catastrophic impact of human activity.”

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Fonte: Sky News, 17 de janeiro de 2019

Resultado de imagem para pong pesca ecowatch“Why has the world continued to increase consumption of plastic materials when at the same time, environmental and human health concerns over their use have grown?
One answer is they are immensely useful to humankind, and despite problems they create, they have provided countless benefits. They are used to construct lighter automobiles and planes, improving fuel efficiency and reducing greenhouse gas emissions. Plastic food packaging has dramatically reduced food spoilage, improving human health as well as decreasing emissions associated with transportation and decomposition of waste. In addition to all these upsides, another benefit often quoted is that plastics are recyclable.”

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Fonte: EcoWatch, 16 de janeiro de 2019

Publicado por: pongpesca | 2019/01/17

Guiné-Bissau e Senegal renovam acordo no setor de pesca

logotipo dn 183952_196072783754374_196651_n“O protocolo, rubricado por Adiatu Nandigna, ministra das Pescas guineense, e Omar Gueye, ministro das Pescas e Economia Marítima do Senegal, vai balizar as normas de aplicação prática de uma convenção no domínio das pescas existente entre a Guiné-Bissau e o Senegal, desde 1978.
A convenção, rubricada ao abrigo de um tratado de boa vizinhança no âmbito da Comunidade Económica de Estados da África Ocidental (CEDEAO), prevê a partilha de alguns recursos entre os países vizinhos e que armadores dos dois países exerçam atividades nas águas territoriais dos dois Estados.”

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Fonte: Diário de Notícias, 14 de janeiro de 2019

Publicado por: pongpesca | 2019/01/16

From voluntary commitments to ocean sustainability

Resultado de imagem para science mag logo“Voluntary commitments by states, governmental or nongovernmental organizations, and other actors, aiming to deliver outcome-oriented activities, have become a well-recognized mechanism in international sustainability policy (1–3). For ocean governance, the calling for and pledging of voluntary commitments could become a game changer, with two major international processes harnessing such voluntary contributions in recent years: the Our Ocean conferences, an annual high-level series initiated by U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry in 2014, and the United Nations (UN) Ocean Conference, which took place for the first time in June 2017. Such calls and commitments provide opportunities to raise awareness, promote engagement, and catalyze political will for action on the part of states as well as public and private sectors. However, without effective and transparent review systems, it is difficult to link pledged commitments to actual implementation.”

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Fonte: Science, 4 de janeiro de 2019

Artisanal fishers are often unable to compete for high-end markets because of the need for sustainability certificates and investment. “Indonesia, the world’s largest tuna fishing nation, has pulled out all the stops in recent years to transform the health of an industry blighted by depleted stocks and illegal poaching.
Measures by the government – which have even included the bombing of foreign vessels fishing illegally in Indonesian waters – have helped fish stocks more than double in the last five years.
But now the industry has reached another important milestone: one of Indonesia’s tuna fisheries has become the first in the country – and second in south-east Asia – to achieve the gold standard for sustainable practices.”

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Fonte: The Guardian, 15 de janeiro de 2019

logotipo dn 183952_196072783754374_196651_n“A inclusão desta área marinha na lista de sítios permitirá a conservação de habitats marinhos, como os bancos de areia permanentemente cobertos por água do mar pouco profunda e os recifes”, justifica o Governo no comunicado do Conselho de Ministros, onde foi também aprovada uma alteração aos limites do sítio Costa Sudoeste (litoral alentejano).
A classificação da faixa Maceda – Praia da Vieira surge também como uma oportunidade de preservação da “fauna marinha bastante diversificada” nesta zona, com especial destaque para espécies de cetáceos e de tartarugas, comuns nesta faixa litoral.
Com mais de 150 quilómetros, esta faixa litoral abrange as principais localidades balneares e piscatórias da região Centro.”

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Fonte: Diário de Notícias, 10 de janeiro de 2019

Publicado por: pongpesca | 2019/01/15

Estado dos recursos explorados 2018 | IPMA

e20190115_mapa-ices-regions-2018.jpg“No âmbito das obrigações do IPMA, a Divisão Recursos Marinhos (DivRP) do IPMA é responsável pelo acompanhamento do estado de exploração dos recursos pesqueiros explorados pela frota nacional do Continente que opera em diversas áreas geográficas. Os investigadores e técnicos da DivRP desenvolvem atividades de recolha e análise de dados de biologia e da dinâmica das espécies e sobre a atividade pesqueira decorrente da sua exploração comercial, o que permite proceder à avaliação do estado de exploração dos stocks e ao aconselhamento científico para gestão dos respetivos stocks e ainda contribuição científica para a definição de planos de gestão das pescarias.”

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Fonte: IPMA, 9 de janeiro de 2019

Publicado por: pongpesca | 2019/01/15

New Fishing Gear Spares Whales Sea Turtles and Dolphins

e20180115 16x9_M.jpg“Using a new type of fishing gear for swordfish in California can help protect nontargeted species—including whales, dolphins, sea lions, sharks, and sea turtles—while keeping the commercial fishery economically sustainable.

According to a new study published in the journal Marine Fisheries Review, commercial fishermen using deep-set buoy gear (DSBG) for harvesting swordfish (Xiphias gladius) in the Southern California Bight report net income of about $1,100 per fishing day, with high catch rates of swordfish and a low catch of nontarget species, also known as bycatch.”

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Mais informações do estudo aqui.

Fonte: The Pew Charitable Trusts, 10 de janeiro de 2019

 

Publicado por: pongpesca | 2019/01/15

Lawyer, Marine Habitats (0176) | ClientEarth

logo clientearth sem nome“Salary: Starting at €3.600 gross/month

Location: Brussels
Contract Type: Fixed Term
Contract Duration: Initially until March 2020. An extended contract is likely
Hours: Full Time
Closing Date: 20 January 2019
First Interview Dates: Early February 2019

About the role
This exciting opportunity is for a mid-level to experienced lawyer with litigation experience to become part of the team working on marine conservation issues, and contributing to ClientEarth’s efforts to use the law to achieve meaningful protection of Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) and foster the recovery of marine biodiversity in Europe.”

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Fonte: ClientEarth, dezembro de 2018

“If you ever see a sea turtle when you’re in Sabah and think nothing of sitting on one -think again.
Your act may just land you in prison of between one year and five years.
According to Sabah Wildlife Department (SWD) director, Augustine Tuuga, with respect to an offence related to an animal listed in the first part of Schedule 1 of the Wildlife Conservation Enactment, those found guilty will face the mandatory jail sentence of not less than a year and not more than five years.
He was commenting on a photograph of a girl sitting on a turtle that has gone viral allegedly taken in Sabah.
Turtles are one of the protected species of Sabah.”

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Fonte: The Borneo Post, 7 de janeiro de 2019

floating shearwater bird“Seabirds are like feathered buoys. Gently rafting on the ocean’s surface, these birds go with the flow, making them excellent proxies for tracking changes in a current’s speed and direction.
Oceanographers traditionally use radar, floating buoys or autonomous underwater vehicles to measure ocean current velocities, which can affect the climate, ecosystems and the movement of important seafood. But some ocean regions aren’t easily accessible. Seabirds lazily resting on the ocean surface could offer a novel alternative to collecting those data, researchers report online January 10 in Scientific Reports.”

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Fonte: ScienceNews, 10 de janeiro de 2019

Publicado por: pongpesca | 2019/01/14

Save the whales, again

A minke whale is landed at a port in Japan“The International Whaling Commission (IWC) has always existed in uneasy tension between those who want to protect whales and those who also want to eat them. Late last year, the tension finally snapped with the announcement from Japan that it is leaving. This was accompanied by a pledge that the nation will resume commercial whaling in the Pacific Ocean, and end its controversial research whaling programme in Antarctic waters.
Japan’s decision is clearly a setback for most IWC member countries that oppose commercial whaling, and possibly bad news for whale populations: the IWC has overseen an increase in Southern Ocean blue whale (Balaenoptera musculus) numbers from 400 to 2,300 in the past 50 years.”

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Fonte: Nature, 8 de janeiro de 2019

Australia’s Gulf of Carpentaria “Coastal development and sea level rise are causing the decline of tidal flats along the world’s coastlines, according to research that has mapped the ecosystems for the first time.
Scientists from the University of New South Wales (UNSW) and the University of Queensland used machine-learning to analyse more than 700,000 satellite images to map the extent of and change in tidal flats around the globe.
The study, published in Nature, found tidal flat ecosystems in some countries declined by as much as 16% in the years from 1984 to 2016.
Tidal flats are mud flats, sand flats or wide rocky reef platforms that are important coastal ecosystems. They act as buffers to storms and sea level rise and provide habitat for many species, including migratory birds and fish nurseries.”

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Fonte: The Guardian, 28 de dezembro de 2018

imagem“O MedAves Pesca é o mais recente projeto da Sociedade Portuguesa para o Estudo das Aves, que pretende trabalhar com pescadores de Peniche para juntos desenvolverem formas de reduzir o número de aves que morrem devido às capturas acidentais nas artes de pesca.
A captura acidental de aves marinhas acontece quando estas ficam presas nas artes de pesca. Tanto as aves como os pescadores procuram o peixe, e é nas águas produtivas da nossa costa que se encontram. Infelizmente, por vezes, esse encontro não corre bem. Para as aves acaba muitas vezes na sua morte, por vezes lenta, e para os pescadores em mais tempo consumido e custos com as redes, que ficam danificadas. Este é um problema de conservação a nível gobal que provoca, apenas em águas europeias, a morte de cerca de 200.000 aves por ano.”

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Fonte: SPEA, 10 de janeiro de 2019

Publicado por: pongpesca | 2019/01/11

China confronts the effects of climate change on fisheries

“No nation on Earth is more central to the global seafood system than China. China’s influence on the production, processing, distribution and overall demand for seafood is unparalleled. Indeed, China alone is expected to account for around half of the growth in global seafood consumption over the coming decades.
This growing demand for seafood will require new solutions not only for managing how much fish is caught, but how to adapt as climate change begins to impact China’s ocean ecosystem. EDF recently convened an international workshop with the China Academy of Fisheries Sciences (CAFS) with the goal of aligning global efforts to identify pressing challenges and solutions to climate change.”

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Fonte: Environmental Defense Fund, 10 de janeiro de 2019

logo_publico“A partir de 2020 vai ser proibido vender bebidas em copos de plástico descartáveis em Lisboa. A câmara municipal, que anunciou a medida esta quinta-feira, quer aproveitar a realização da Capital Verde Europeia do próximo ano para incentivar os restaurantes e bares a ter comportamentos mais ambientalmente responsáveis e que não signifiquem uma dor de cabeça para a higiene urbana.
A autarquia dá aos empresários “até 31 de Dezembro de 2019 para eliminarem os plásticos descartáveis, nomeadamente os copos, em espaço público”, disse o vice-presidente, Duarte Cordeiro, vereador responsável pelos Serviços Urbanos. “Acreditamos que a restauração da cidade está pronta para este desafio.””

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Fonte: Público, 10 de janeiro de 2019

“O Governo moçambicano travou a pesca de camarão nos próximos dois meses, para permitir a reprodução deste marisco, anunciou esta terça-feira o Ministério do Mar, Águas Interiores e Pescas. “Não haverá pesca, venda e transporte de camarão durante este período”, declarou Maurício Maússe, do Ministério do Mar, Águas Interiores e Pescas, citado esta terça-feira pelo diário O País.
Para assegurar o cumprimento da decisão, as autoridades pesqueiras vão reforçar a fiscalização e atividades inspetivas, impondo medidas punitivas aos infratores.”

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Fonte: Observador, 8 de janeiro de 2019

Publicado por: pongpesca | 2019/01/10

População de tubarões diminui 90% na Costa Queensland

Tubarões na Austrália“No seguimento dos ataques de tubarões de que várias pessoas foram alvo na Austrália ao longo dos anos, os Estados australianos tentaram tomar algumas medidas para reduzir tal risco, incluindo a utilização de drones para localizar tubarões perto de surfistas, ou mesmo a captura e abate (tendo-se chegado a capturar 70 tubarões antes da estratégia ter sido abandonada devido a recomendação das autoridades ambientais). Assim, a Costa de Queensland viu o número de tubarões diminuir nas últimas décadas, segundo a nature (International Journal of Sience).
Investigadores da Universidade de Queensland e de Griffith analisaram dados de programas de controlo de tubarões desde 1960 para avaliar mudanças nas populações e concluíram que “nos últimos 50 anos se deu um declínio dramático no número de tubarões no litoral de Queensland. O número de tubarões selvagens nas nossas praias diminuiu entre 74% e 92%”, elucida George Roff, da Universidade de Queensland.”

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Fonte: Jornal de Economia do Mar, 20 de dezembro de 2018

“When the truck arrived at the harbor of Malta, thousands of bluefin tuna were hurriedly carried from the farms nearby and loaded inside. Fattening tuna farms are a common view when you fly over the Maltese coastline: tonnes of wild tuna are caught in their spawning ground, transferred to underwater cages and fattened with fish meal, sardines, mackerel and squid until they are fat enough to meet the Japanese valued standards for sushi.
But something strange happened this time: for each bluefin tuna loaded and accompanied by a legal certificate, another tuna ended up in the double-bottom part of the truck and was carried without any paperwork and under less-than-hygienic conditions.”

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Fonte: Medium, 3 de janeiro de 2019

9 Ocean Conservation Groups You Don't Know about...but Should“It can be easy to focus on the bad news when we think about the ocean: climate change, overfishing, pollution, loss of coastal habitats, biodiversity loss. All that is real, and cause for concern and concerted action. Still, there is also cause to celebrate: there are incredible community-based organizations working to address those challenges and foster new leadership for conservation.
Often the big, international environmental groups get most of the press, the credit and the financial support. Their work is very important, but there are also so many unsung heroes. Further, with sea level rise and stronger storms resulting from climate change, vulnerable coastal communities are working to build by-us for-us solutions and mobilize a new generation of conservationists.”

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Fonte: Scientific American, 8 de janeiro de 2019

“Long before fillets reach your dinner plate, lots of seafood is thrown away. Overboard, actually. As fishing crews sort through their catches, they toss unwanted fish back into the sea—as much as 20% of the global catch. The vast majority die. On 1 January, the wasteful practice became illegal in waters of the European Union. Scientists believe the policy will lead to more efficient fisheries and eventually boost stocks. But in the short term it could mean hardship for the industry and perhaps even compromise fisheries data, because almost all crews can discard fish without anyone knowing. “This is one of the most dramatic changes in EU fisheries policy,” says Peder Andersen, an economist at the University of Copenhagen.”

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Fonte: Science, 4 de janeiro de 2019

Publicado por: pongpesca | 2019/01/09

Japan: Stop Slaughtering Whales

“Japan, in many respects a model global citizen, has long been an outlier on whaling, an industry that most nations have abandoned as cruel, unnecessary and a danger to the survival of the great mammals of the seas, but that the Japanese claim as part of their culture. That divide has come to a head with Japan’s exit from the International Whaling Commission, a politically motivated decision Tokyo should reconsider.
Japan’s argument is that the commission was set up in 1946 to manage commercial whaling, not to ban it. After global populations of whales plummeted in the 1970s, the commission ordered a moratorium that went into effect in 1986 and looks to continue it indefinitely, despite intensive lobbying by Japan and other countries that defend commercial whaling, most notably Norway and Iceland.”

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Fonte: The New York Times, 31 de dezembro de 2018

e20190108 raia-Undulate-Ray-1024x683-660x330.jpg“A ministra do Mar, Ana Paula Vitorino, quer uma “uma gestão responsável das possibilidades de pesca”, pelo que “urge regular a captura de raia curva (Raja undulata) na zona 9 do Conselho Internacional para a Exploração do Mar (CIEM).

Segundo a Portaria n.º 4/2019, de 3 de Janeiro, assinada por Ana Paula Vitorino, a necessidade de regular as capturas desta espécie tem como objectivo “definir as condições adequadas aos estudos científicos e monitorização da espécie, com base na quota que, para este efeito, é atribuída anualmente a Portugal”.”

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Fonte: Agricultura e Mar Actual, 7 de janeiro de 2019

e20190108_4500.jpg“Coastal development and sea level rise are causing the decline of tidal flats along the world’s coastlines, according to research that has mapped the ecosystems for the first time.

Scientists from the University of New South Wales (UNSW) and the University of Queensland used machine-learning to analyse more than 700,000 satellite images to map the extent of and change in tidal flats around the globe.”

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Fonte: The Guardian, 28 de dezembro de 2018

marinepolicy_sem nome“Highlights
• IUU fishing highlights the loophole in the fisheries management systems of countries in the Gulf of Guinea.
• The threat amounts to 65% of the legal reported catch in the Gulf of Guinea.
• It undermines marine conservation efforts, and so is a threat to the SDGs.
• Regional cooperation as a possible solution to combating IUU fishing in the region.”

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Fonte: Science Direct, janeiro de 2019

Publicado por: pongpesca | 2019/01/07

Pesca do arrasto afecta áreas marinhas protegidas

Drewry“Uma investigação desenvolvida em 727 Áreas Marinhas Protegidas (AMP) definidas pela União Europeia (UE) concluiu que em tais áreas ocorre uma elevada intensidade de pesca do arrasto, considerada uma das mais prejudiciais para a sustentabilidade das espécies, conforme se refere num artigo recentemente publicado na revista Science.
Numa nota sobre a investigação, que incidiu sobre duas espécies consideradas sensíveis – raias e tubarões -, a revista refere que em 59% das AMPs analisadas verifica-se pesca de arrasto industrial para fins comerciais e com uma intensidade 1,4 vezes superior à que se verifica em áreas marinhas não protegidas.”

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Fonte: Jornal de Economia do Mar, 27 de dezembro de 2018

Resultado de imagem para issf foundation logo“Science-based approaches to sustainable tuna are only effective if they are implemented. That’s why ISSF advocates to tuna RFMOs and their member nations – both directly and through the efforts of ISSF participants and stakeholders – for policies and approaches that foster real, positive change for the long term sustainability of global tuna fisheries. The end of the year is an apt occasion to assess the impact of our efforts. What’s been accomplished in the world of tuna conservation and management? And what opportunities were missed in 2018 that set the course for 2019?”

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Fonte: ISSF, 20 de dezembro de 2018

Resultado de imagem para diario de noticias logo“Segundo um comunicado oficial, as ações de fiscalização terrestres e marítimas realizadas nesta sexta-feira resultaram na apreensão de 1.126 quilos de pescado: “450 quilos de sardinha, por estar proibida a sua captura; 436 quilos de polvo e 8 quilos de raia, por se encontrarem em estado imaturo, não tendo o tamanho mínimo permitido para venda; 180 quilos de amêijoa-japónica, por apanha sem controlo higiossanitário; 50 quilos de ouriços-do-mar, por apanha sem licença; e 2 quilos de pescada por fuga à lota”.”

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Fonte: Diário de Notícias, 29 de dezembro de 2018

Publicado por: pongpesca | 2019/01/04

5 Reasons To Feel Hopeful About The Oceans In 2019

“Over the course of 2018, we have seen how human impacts and global climate change are rapidly altering the world’s oceans.
While the war against ocean plastic escalated to new levels this past year, the extent of our plastic problem also became clearer. For example, plastic was discovered 36,000 feet below sea level in the Marianas Trench, the deepest point in the ocean. Additionally, whales washed up on Thai and Indonesian beaches earlier this year with over a dozen pounds of plastic in their stomachs. And, while there is a highly publicized effort underway to remove some of the ocean plastic, the technology may not be effective and could prove harmful to wildlife.”

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Fonte:  Forbes, 30 de dezembro de 2018

PHOTO: George Divoky cradles a guillemot chick in 2015 while a field assistant holds its sibling in the background. The chicks nest box lies open on the ground. “Each winter, sleek seabirds known as Mandt’s black guillemots descend on the ice that forms over the Bering Sea between Alaska and Russia. They spend the season diving under the ice to catch Arctic cod and resting on the frozen surface. But last winter, ice in the Bering sea was at record lows, forming later and melting far sooner than usual.
According to ornithologist George Divoky, this loss of winter sea ice could be “the final nail in the coffin” for a colony of birds already struggling with other aspects of climate change.
The breeding colony in question is located on Cooper Island off the north coast of Alaska, and Divoky has been studying it for 44 years. Twenty-eight percent of the birds that left in the fall of 2017 never returned to the island — the highest apparent overwinter mortality ever documented for the colony, up from around 10 percent in a typical year.”

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Fonte: abc news, 2 de janeiro de 2019

Spools of coloured thread. Credit: Getty Images“A start-up by an Indian-American in Los Angeles can completely change the battle against marine plastic litter that is plaguing the world’s oceans at this moment.
Akshay Sethi, a chemistry student from the University of California, Davis and co-student, Moby Ahmed started exploring ways to recover polyester, the most common fabric in mass-produced clothing, while studying. They founded Ambercycle (now ‘Moral Fiber’) in 2015, working initially with microbes to break down polyesters.
Moral Fiber has now developed a three-step chemical process that can extract polyester from mixed blend materials to create a new yarn, billed as the world’s first textile product made entirely from old clothing. The equipment needed for this transformation can fit into a small shipping container, making it easy to deploy.”

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Fonte: DownToEarth, 2 de janeiro de 2019

“Oceans play a crucial role in balancing the global ecosystem. Hence, sustenance of a healthy marine environment is of vital necessity for several reasons. At the outset of expansive trade policies in the international arena, freight of goods via sea routes have been largely resorted to by the major players of the global market. Therefore, in the recent past marine pollution caused by the shipping industry has been identified as a growing concern by the coastal nations of the world.
Discharge of oil into the oceans could take place either operationally or accidentally. The common causes behind operational oil spills would include, cleaning of tanks at the sea and flushing of machine rooms which will discharge large amounts of oil residue to the ocean. Due to the costs attached to being anchored in a port, some shipping operators prefer not to use port facilities when handling such oil residue.”

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Fonte: South Asia Journal, 24 de dezembro de 2018

Publicado por: pongpesca | 2019/01/03

Five Ways to Tackle Ghost Fishing Gear

alt“Fishing gear that’s lost or dumped in the ocean may account for almost one half of all the plastic waste that ends up there. But this equipment, which is manufactured for fishing or aquaculture, isn’t ordinary waste because it continues to do what it was designed for – trapping marine life, with devastating consequences.
Global awareness of the issue is growing though. In Shenzhen, Karachi and the Mediterranean, for example, diving organisations are removing nets from the marine environment, while numerous companies and organisations have sprung up to find ways of reusing the waste.”

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Fonte: Maritime Executive, 30 de dezembro de 2018

Publicado por: pongpesca | 2019/01/03

Easy ways families can use less plastic in the new year

Resultado de imagem para pong pesca national geographic“Most people’s New Year’s resolutions are all about self-improvement: exercising more, saving money, learning new skills. This year, enlist your family in a group resolution: reducing your single-use plastic waste.
Think of it as a resolution to shed some pounds: scientists estimate that some 18 billion pounds of plastic waste flows into the oceans every year. And as passionate planet protectors eager to find a tangible way to help save the planet, your kids won’t likely let you shrug off this resolution.
Here are three ways to resolve to use less plastic in 2019 as a family.”

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Fonte: National Geographic, 28 de dezembro de 2018

Publicado por: pongpesca | 2019/01/02

Itália proíbe utilização de cotonetes de plástico

Resultado de imagem para euronews logo“Os cotonetes têm os dias contados na Europa, mas em Itália já estão proíbidos.
O governo de Roma antecipou-se às instruções da União Europeia e proibiu, a partir deste 1 de janeiro, a utilização dos cotonetes em plástico.
O Parlamento Europeu tinha aprovado em outubro uma proposta que a Comissão transformou em diretiva que proíbe, a partir de 2021, dez utensílios plásticos, entre os quais as palhinhas, os pratos e os talheres de plástico e os cotonetes.”

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Fonte: euronews, 1 de janeiro de 2019

Short-snouted seahorse“A rare kind of seahorse and a rainbow-coloured sea slug with a titillating name are among the creatures making a comeback in UK waters, according to an annual conservation review.
The coast around Britain is now home to more than 100 species of nudibranchs – brightly hued, soft-bodied marine molluscs that appear nude because of their lack of external shells. The Wildlife Trusts credited a big conservation push around the coast for their proliferation.
It was a good autumn for sightings of curled octopus, the trusts said, and basking sharks were seen in Cardigan Bay for the first time in three years. The Wildlife Trusts are a grassroots movement of 800,000 people who help survey shores to gather information and monitor marine protected areas.”

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Fonte: The Guardian, 30 de dezembro de 2018

Publicado por: pongpesca | 2019/01/02

What Is World Fisheries Day and Why Does it Matter?

“World Fisheries Day is celebrated every 21st November and represents a chance to recognise the vast and sometimes underappreciated food source for millions of humans that is the sea. It’s also an opportunity to look back over the last 12 months and assess how well fishing efforts have performed in achieving goals of sustainability, as well as setting out plans for the coming year.
Last month, the Environmental Defence Fund (DFC) Oceans division took a look at some of the reasons for optimism surrounding fisheries across the globe. Despite the current climate change issues and myriad other challenges facing the fisheries industry (such as blue green algae, plastic pollution and oil spills), there are plenty of reasons to be cheerful – and here are just five of them.”

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Fonte: Environmental Technology, 1 de janeiro de 2019

Resultado de imagem para euronews logo“O esforço para acabar com a poluição de plástico nos nossos oceanos foi um dos principais temas de 2018, com os legisladores da União Europeia a terminar o ano com um acordo para proibir certos plásticos de utilização única até 2021.
A eurodeputada belga Frédérique Ries está por detrás desta lei.
“Os bastões dos balões, os misturadores, os cotonetes, as palhinhas, eu deveria ter começado com as palhinhas, os pratos, vão ser abolidos. E por que é que vão ser abolidos? Porque são os artigos que encontramos, principalmente, nas nossas praias e nos nossos oceanos, e porque existem alternativas”, assegura Ries.”

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Fonte: euronews, 26 de dezembro de 2018

Dorset fishermen have found the extremely rare short-snouted seahorse off the Purbeck coast“Seahorses, little terns and crawfish are among the creatures making a comeback with the help of conservation action around the UK’s coasts, the Wildlife Trusts has said.
It has also been a good year for sightings of marine wildlife as thousands of volunteers helped survey shores around the country to gather information and monitor marine protected areas, a review of the year by the organisationxz has found.
It has been a bumper year for nudibranchs, or sea slugs, and a good autumn for sightings of curled octopus by divers, and basking sharks were seen in Cardigan Bay for the first time in three years.”

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Fonte: Independent, 31 de dezembro de 2018

Publicado por: pongpesca | 2018/12/28

The Top 10 Ocean Conservation Victories of 2018

The Top 10 Ocean Conservation Victories of 2018“(Just kidding, there were only three this year)
This year was a tough one in many ways, including for the ocean. For the last four years, I’ve written an annual retrospective listing the top wins in ocean conservation. This year, I couldn’t compile 10 exciting victories.
Sure, new protected areas have been created (shoutout, most recently, to Argentina!), there has been progress toward a U.N. treaty to manage the high seas (shoutout to the High Seas Alliance!), and new science shows a few strong corals on the Great Barrier Reef can withstand super-hot temperatures without bleaching (shout-out to Terry Hughes, et al.!). Plus there is a lot going on behind the scenes now that will come to fruition in the next few years, including many of the commitments made at this year’s Our Ocean conference in Bali.”

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Fonte: Scientific American, 21 de dezembro de 2018

Publicado por: pongpesca | 2018/12/28

Caça à baleia: “Há agora duas grandes incógnitas”

“Agora coordenador da Unidade de Ciência do Museu da Baleia da Madeira, o biólogo Luís Freitas foi o seu director entre 1996 e 2014. Desde 2016 é o representante de Portugal na Comissão Baleeira Internacional, que aplica a Convenção Internacional para a regulação da Actividade Baleeira, assinada em 1946 promover a manutenção das espécies e desenvolver a indústria baleeira de forma sustentável. Ajuda-nos aqui a compreender os meandros dos (poucos) países que ainda caçam baleias.”

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Fonte: Público, 26 de dezembro de 2018

“Um novo projeto-piloto que visa premiar o consumidor final pela devolução de embalagens e garrafas de plástico não reutilizáveis, foi publicado esta quarta feira, no Diário da República.
O objetivo deste novo projeto, que estará em curso até 31 de dezembro de 2019, vem no seguimento da lei que incentiva a devolução e depósito de embalagens de bebidas em plástico, vidro, metais ferrosos e alumínio com o objetivo garantir o encaminhamento dos portugueses para a reciclagem. Esta lei será regulamentada no espaço de 180 dias.”

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Fonte: Jornal Económico, 26 de dezembro de 2018

Coral off the coast of Brazil. “Around the world, oceans are providers: of food, of livelihoods, of entire economies.
But, where do people depend on them the most? Knowing this could help to better protect marine ecosystems.
A new study, published in Conservation Letters, found that many Pacific and Indian island nations are the most dependent on marine ecosystems for their nutrition, jobs, revenues and coastal protection. Globally, 775 million people — 10 percent of the world’s population — live in areas with relatively high dependence on marine ecosystems.
Human Nature spoke with two authors of the study — Liz Selig, deputy director of the Stanford Center for Ocean Solutions, and David Hole, vice president for global solutions for Conservation International — about their results and why they matter for conservation.”

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Fonte: humanature, 20 de dezembro de 2018

“A organização não-governamental (ONG) Greenpeace considera “lamentável e perigosa” a decisão do Japão de abandonar a Comissão Baleeira Internacional (CBI) e retomar a caça destes cetáceos nas suas águas territoriais a partir de julho de 2019.
A declaração foi feita à agência EFE pela bióloga e coordenadora para a área da biodiversidade da Greenpeace Espanha, Pilar Marcos, que define o anúncio do governo nipónico como “algo já temido” pela organização e “um retrocesso em todas as iniciativas de conservação de cetáceos, reguladas pela moratória sobre caça comercial da baleia desde 1986”, e materializadas na CBI, criada para a conservação das baleias e o controlo da caça.”

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Fonte: Observador, 26 de dezembro de 2018

Resultado de imagem para science mag logo“Marine protected areas (MPAs) are increasingly used as a primary tool to conserve biodiversity. This is particularly relevant in heavily exploited fisheries hot spots such as Europe, where MPAs now cover 29% of territorial waters, with unknown effects on fishing pressure and conservation outcomes. We investigated industrial trawl fishing and sensitive indicator species in and around 727 MPAs designated by the European Union. We found that 59% of MPAs are commercially trawled, and average trawling intensity across MPAs is at least 1.4-fold higher as compared with nonprotected areas. Abundance of sensitive species (sharks, rays, and skates) decreased by 69% in heavily trawled areas. The widespread industrial exploitation of MPAs undermines global biodiversity conservation targets, elevating recent concerns about growing human pressures on protected areas worldwide.”

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Fonte: Science, 21 de dezembro de 2018

Publicado por: pongpesca | 2018/12/26

A Seas At Risk está a recrutar!

seas at risk

EU Coordinator CFP2020: ver oferta aqui.

Communication Coordinator CFP2020: ver oferta aqui.

Fonte: Seas At Risk

 

Publicado por: pongpesca | 2018/12/24

Catch 22: Why too many EU vessels still chase too few fish

“The reformed Common Fisheries Policy contain the tools to deliver profitable fisheries, thriving fish stocks and lively coastal communities. To combat over-fishing, the EU and member states must act now, demands Jan Isakson.
Jan Isakson is Director of the Fisheries Secretariat, a non-profit organisation working towards sustainable fisheries in Europe and worldwide.
How many times have we heard the complaint, from fishing lobbyists or governments?
“Catch limits can not be set lower because of the socio-economic impacts!”
In plain English: if quotas are set at the levels that scientific advice say are needed for healthy fish stocks, there will not be enough for all the fishermen to make a living.
And so quotas are set higher. And the fish stocks take longer to recover. And the same procedure is repeated the next year.”

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Fonte: EURACTIVE, 18 de dezembro de 2018

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