“The 25th Session of the Indian Ocean Tuna Commission (IOTC) ended on 11 June 2021 after a 13 hour session on the final day, resulting in a desperate attempt to achieve consensus on an interim yellowfin tuna rebuilding plan. In an urgent endeavour to end overfishing and restore overfished stock, the rebuilding plan which sets new reduction targets was adopted, while five members of the IOTC shared their intent of submitting an ‘objection’.”

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Fonte: WWF, 14 jun 2021

Publicado por: pongpesca | 2021/06/18

The sad tale of Thunderbird the Sea Turtle

Thunderbird was found entangled by abandoned fishing gear in the Mediterranean © Save the Med Foundation

“An epic trip of 6,000 km, from Spain to Senegal, of a loggerhead turtle reveals some of the major threats to sea turtles. Six out of the seven sea turtles are classified as Vulnerable, Endangered or Critically Endangered on the IUCN Red List.”

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Fonte: Birdlife, 15 jun 2021

“The European eel has been in decline for decades and is on the IUCN Red list as Critically Endangered. Despite this, a wide-spread commercial and recreational fishery is allowed to continue in the EU. In 2017, a Joint Declaration to aid its recovery was adopted, including national three-month fishing closures to protect eel migration. Our report shows that many Member States are more likely to protect their fishing sector than the eels.”

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Fonte: FishSec, 16 jun 2021

“Na véspera do Dia Mundial do Albatroz, que se celebra a 19 de junho, é apresentado o projeto LIFE PanPuffinus!, um esforço internacional para proteger os parentes dos albatrozes em Portugal e no Mediterrâneo: a pardela-balear e a pardela-do-mediterrâneo. No nosso país o projeto está a cargo da Sociedade Portuguesa para o Estudo das Aves (SPEA), que irá trabalhar com pescadores entre Aveiro e a Nazaré, para evitar que a pardela-balear seja capturada acidentalmente nas pescas.

“Vamos trabalhar de perto com os pescadores na Zona de Proteção Especial Aveiro-Nazaré, que é a área mais importante para a pardela-balear no nosso país”, diz Joana Andrade, coordenadora do Departamento de Conservação Marinha da SPEA: “Queremos perceber a dimensão do problema da captura acidental para esta espécie, e desenvolver e testar soluções.”

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Fonte: SPEA, 17 de junho de 2021.

“ClientEarth and the small-scale fishers’ platform Low Impact Fishers of Europe (LIFE) have just launched a legal challenge against the Dutch authorities for leaving the door wide open for misreporting of fish catches and overfishing, in direct violation of EU laws.”

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Fonte: ClientEarth, 16 de junho de 2021.

The Pew Charitable Trusts

“WASHINGTON, June 13, 2021—Leaders of seven of the 10 largest economies in the world united today in an ambitious agenda for the conservation of the planet, recognizing the critical role of nature in rebuilding the global economy in the aftermath of the COVID-19 pandemic.

In a joint statement, the heads of state from the G7 nations agreed to conserve or protect at least 30% each of the land and ocean on Earth by 2030 to halt and reverse biodiversity loss.”

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Fonte: The Pew Charitable Trusts, 13 de junho de 2021.

A boat surrounded by some of the debris washed out to sea by Japan’s 2011 tsunami.

“Japan’s 2011 tsunami was catastrophic, killing nearly 16,000 people, destroying homes and infrastructure, and sweeping an estimated 5m tons of debris out to sea.

That debris did not disappear, however. Some of it drifted all the way across the Pacific, reaching the shores of Hawaii, Alaska and California – and with it came hitchhikers.

Nearly 300 different non-native species caught a lift across the ocean in what can be thought of as a “mass rafting” event. The Smithsonian Environmental Research Center in 2017 counted 289 Japanese marine species that were carried to distant shores after the tsunami, including sea snails, sea anemones and isopods, a type of crustacean.”

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Fonte: The Guardian, 14 de junho de 2021.

Publicado por: pongpesca | 2021/06/16

Nuno Vasco Rodrigues premiado pela Ocean Geographic Society

“O biólogo marinho e fotógrafo de conservação Nuno Vasco Rodrigues conquistou o primeiro lugar na categoria de Fotógrafo de Conservação do ano e obteve a segunda posição na categoria de Fotojornalismo do ano, na competição de fotografia sobre o Oceano, promovida anualmente pela Ocean Geographic Society.

As distinções foram divulgadas no Dia Mundial dos Oceanos, que se celebra a 8 de junho. Nuno Vasco Rodrigues é também investigador do Mare-Politécnico de Leiria e coordenador de Cogestão da Reserva Natural das Berlengas, e antigo estudante de Biologia Marinha e Biotecnologia na Escola Superior de Turismo e Tecnologia do Mar (ESTM), em Peniche.”

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Fonte: Green Savers, 12 de junho de 2021.

Image

“Climate change is a global issue with global effects that many of us will be aware of on land. However, the oceans absorb the majority of the excess heat in our climate system, and the waters or our planet are warming, too.

This is having a direct impact on fish populations, with those species which are able to move to new habitats now shifting into areas to the north or south where the temperatures better suit their metabolisms.”

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Fonte: Euronews, 14 de junho de 2021.

Longline vessel docking and gear in Tahiti.

“Whether it’s sold as sushi or steak or in other forms, tuna is valuable: In fact, tuna caught by longline fishing vessels worldwide is worth more than $8 billion a year. These boats use fishing lines stretching up to 60 miles with thousands of baited hooks, which unfortunately also catch nontargeted (bycatch) species, including endangered turtles, sharks, rays, and seabirds.
To help track these longliners’ catch—and the impact they have on the ocean—many regional fisheries management organizations (RFMOs) require observers on board, but most do so only for 5% of fishing trips.”

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Fonte: The Pew Charitable Trusts, 14 de junho de 2021

“O PAN – Pessoas-Animais-Natureza defende a obrigatoriedade da monitorização electrónica remota obrigatória nos barcos de pesca, para possibilitar um melhor controlo da pesca excessiva e a captura indevida de espécies protegidas. Refira-se que a Política Comum das Pescas já prevê a utilização de sistemas de televisão em circuito fechado para monitorização das pescas.
A instalação deste sistema de monitorização deverá “ser efectuada de forma gradual nas frotas de pesca portuguesas”, pelo que a obrigatoriedade de instalação proposta pelo PAN “seja restrita às embarcações dedicadas à pesca de espécies como o atum e o espadarte, onde existem mais problemas de capturas acidentais”.”

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Fonte: Agricultura e Mar, 13 de junho de 2021

Maria do Céu Antunes

“Os ministros da Agricultura e Pescas da União Europeia reúnem-se esta terça-feira, em Lisboa, no âmbito da presidência Portuguesa do Conselho, para abordar temáticas como sistemas alimentares, gestão de recursos naturais e o futuro da política comum de pescas.
Os ministros da Agricultura da UE vão começar a chegar ao Centro cultural de Belém (CCB), centro logístico da presidência portuguesa do Conselho, pelas 08h00, seguindo-se uma reunião informal, subordinada ao tema sistemas alimentares, inovação e gestão dos recursos humanos.”

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Fonte: TSF, 15 de junho de 2021

Publicado por: pongpesca | 2021/06/14

Breaking free from mining – A 2050 blueprint

“Seas At Risk’s new paper warns about the disastrous environmental consequences of a new mining boom while showing how it can be prevented. Overconsumption and the paradigm of infinite economic growth require vast amounts of metals and minerals, driving one of the world’s most polluting industries and a main contributor to climate change and biodiversity loss. Using a science and fact-based approach, the paper provides a blueprint for breaking free from resource extraction and shaping a world without mining. It discusses existing and emerging alternatives to shift towards a society based on needs rather than growth, on wellbeing, and on the use of resources within the limits of our planet.”

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Fonte: Seas At Risk, 10 de junho de 2021

Sponge of the species Hyalonema obtusum in the Clarion-Clipperton Zone. Amphipods and cnidarians grow on the stalk of the sponge, while a sea cucumber sits at its foot.  (© GEOMAR, ROV-Team)

“Researchers from NIOZ and Germany have discovered that sponges, which like to settle on metallic nodules on the ocean floor, also provide a home for many other animals. Without the sponges, species richness in these deep-sea regions would be significantly lower, the researchers report in the journal Scientific Reports on 10 June.
Deep down on the ocean floor covering many thou­sands of square kilometers of the world’s deep-sea floor, manganese nodules are present containing the valuable raw materials cobalt, nickel, tin and copper. These polymetallic nodules, that take millions of years to become roughly the size of a potato, are of great economic interest: they are used to meet our increasing demand for rare metals used in smartphones, electric cars and other technology.”

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Fonte: NIOZ, 10 de junho de 2021

Global Tuna Alliance | LinkedIn

“On Friday 4th June, MEP Mrs. Caroline Roose (The Greens/EFA), in partnership with The Pew Charitable Trusts, hosted a landmark webinar on the future of fisheries management. More than 130 attendees, including representatives from E.U. Member States, representatives of the E.U. Commission, Members of the European Parliament, officials of European fishermen’s associations, fisheries market leaders, scientists, conservationists, and members of civil society, joined the discussion about harvest strategies, a modern approach to fisheries management based on setting a pre-agreed framework for making management decisions for fish stocks worth billions of euros each year.”

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Fonte: Global Tuna Alliance, 8 de junho de 2021

“A Biosfera anunciou a suspensão, a partir de 15 de Junho, de todas as suas actividades de conservação e pesquisa da biodiversidade na Reserva Integral do Ilhéu Raso, 16 anos depois do início dos trabalhos. Em causa, supostas ameaças que os colaboradores têm recebido por parte de grupos de mergulhadores que operam na reserva “perante a inércia das autoridades”, anunciou hoje a organização não governamental.”

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Fonte: Expresso das Ilhas, Jun 20121

“Climate change and overfishing are threatening England’s native seabirds – the kittiwakes.

Their numbers have halved since the 1960s.

The Royal Society for the Protection of Birds (RSPB) is warning about the devastating impact of humans on England’s native Kittiwake. Its message coincides with World Oceans Day.”

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Fonte: ITV News, 08.06.2021

“Just 10 plastic products make up 75% of all items and scientists say the pollution must be stopped at source.

Plastic items from takeaway food and drink dominate the litter in the world’s oceans, according to the most comprehensive study to date.”

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Fonte: The Guardian, 11.06.2011

Publicado por: pongpesca | 2021/06/11

Financing a sustainable ocean economy

Nature Communications | Land Portal

“The ocean, which regulates climate and supports vital ecosystem services, is crucial to our Earth system and livelihoods. Yet, it is threatened by anthropogenic pressures and climate change. A healthy ocean that supports a sustainable ocean economy requires adequate financing vehicles that generate, invest, align, and account for financial capital to achieve sustained ocean health and governance. However, the current finance gap is large; we identify key barriers to financing a sustainable ocean economy and suggest how to mitigate them, to incentivize the kind of public and private investments needed for topnotch science and management in support of a sustainable ocean economy.”

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Fonte: Nature Communications

Publicado por: pongpesca | 2021/06/09

It’s time to stop harmful fishing subsidies

Fishing boat at sea

“More than one-third of all fish stocks are fished at unsustainable levels, degrading biodiversity and devastating the future of fisheries and fishermen. Despite this, many governments around the world continue to spend taxpayer money to encourage overfishing, through fisheries subsidies that contribute to overcapacity and destructive fishing practices.

Attempts to eliminate this “tragedy of the commons” started two decades ago when it was put on the agenda of the World Trade Organization (WTO). A critical milestone in this course was in 2015, when world leaders recognized the damage that harmful subsidies were causing to fish stocks and the marine environment, and adopted the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) — a blueprint to achieve a better and more sustainable future for all. SDG Target 14.6 tasked governments with reaching agreement at the WTO to eliminate harmful subsidies by 2020. This task is now overdue.”

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Fonte: Greenbiz, 8 de junho de 2021.

Fishing for Patagonian toothfish in the southern Atlantic

“In recent weeks, a new $50m (£35m) hybrid vessel set sail from Mauritius and headed out into the Southern Ocean where the crew will spend three months longline fishing for the Patagonian toothfish. By the time the fish are brought back, processed and sent to customers, consumers will know where and when that specific fish was caught, which boat landed it, who processed it and which certifications have been met. The technology enabling this is blockchain.

“From the day it’s landed to when it ends up on someone’s plate, blockchain gives toothfish traceability right from the start,” says Steve Paku, captain of the Cape Arkona. “People can just scan the barcode and the whole story is right there in front of them.””

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Fonte: The Guardian, 9 de junho de 2021.

Publicado por: pongpesca | 2021/06/09

Escola Azul assinala Dia dos Oceanos de forma criativa

“Hoje celebra-se a nível mundial o Dia dos Oceanos, e como não poderia deixar de ser, a Escola Azul decidiu assinalar esta data de forma criativa e presentear toda a sua comunidade.

Através de um vídeo institucional, alguns alunos da Escola Azul deram a conhecer a importância do oceano para a vida, a influência que o homem tem no seu bem-estar, bem como os pilares e objetivos que fundamentam o seu programa educativo.”

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Fonte: GreenSavers, 8 de junho de 2021.

File:Seychelles News Agency logo.png - Wikimedia Commons

“The Marine Conservation Society Seychelles (MCSS) is offering training for people who are interested in volunteering for its coral reef restoration project in Ste Anne Marine Park, after a suggestion made in an online survey.
In the six-year project financed under the Adaptation Fund, MCSS is actively restoring 5,000 square metres of coral in Ste Anne Marine Park.
The project, which is administered by United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), brings together government departments, non-governmental organisations and local communities in both Mauritius and Seychelles, an archipelago in the western Indian Ocean.”

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Fonte: Seychelles News Agency, 8 de junho de 2021

PÚBLICO — Pense bem, pense Público

“O projecto “Golfinhos no Tejo”, financiado pela Fundação Oceano Azul, junta biólogos e operadores marítimo-turísticos e pretende saber mais sobre o regresso deste mamífero ao rio Tejo. A pandemia tirou muita actividade do rio – turística e piscatória – e os especialistas temem que o desconfinamento possa voltar a afastar os animais.
Uma das explicações em cima da mesa é a de que o estuário do rio esteja a ser usado como “maternidade” para estes animais. Os golfinhos escolhem lugares calmos para dar à luz e ensinar os filhos a nadarem e a alimentarem-se nos primeiros dias de vida.”

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Fonte: Público, 8 de junho de 2021

coast guard

“Like most countries in West Africa, Nigeria’s coastal waters contain diverse species of fish, which contribute to the food and economic security of its people.
Small-scale fishing operations contribute 80 percent of locally produced fish and support the livelihoods of 24 million Nigerians. 73 percent of those involved in fisheries in Nigeria are women.
The overall GDP contribution from fishing – small scale and industrial – was 0.84 percent in 2019 and 1.09 percent in 2020. The fisheries sector is therefore a route to socioeconomic development in Nigeria. But it also faces threats.”

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Fonte: The Maritime Executive, 6 de junho de 2021

“A classificação de 30 por cento das áreas marítimas portuguesas é um dos eixos ambientais da Estratégia Nacional para o Mar 2021-2030, uma resolução do Conselho de Ministros publicada esta sexta-feira em Diário da República.
Esse compromisso político, bem como a inclusão de 10% da área marítima sob proteção estrita, a assumir até 2030, já está em estratégias anteriores mas é considerado crucial na resolução esta sexta-feira aprovada, em que se recorda que no ano passado havia 93 áreas marinhas protegidas, cobrindo 07% dos mais de 300 mil quilómetros quadrados de águas com jurisdição portuguesa.”

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Fonte: Observador, 4 de junho de 2021

“A União Europeia (UE) e o Reino Unido chegaram hoje a um acordo de princípio sobre a pesca este ano das unidades populacionais geridas conjuntamente, anunciou a Comissão Europeia, que liderou o processo em nome do bloco.
O acordo de princípio, que estabelece limites de captura para os recursos geridos conjuntamente para 2021 e, nas espécies de profundidade, até fim de 2022, foi concluído numa chamada telefónica esta tarde entre o comissário para o Ambiente, Oceanos e Pescas, Virginijus Sinkevicus, e o ministro britânico do Ambiente, Alimentação e Assuntos Rurais, George Eustice, segundo um comunicado do executivo europeu.”

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Fonte: Jornal de Negócios, 2 de junho de 2021

Publicado por: pongpesca | 2021/06/04

On the Verge of Extinction, These Whales Are Also Shrinking

A North Atlantic right whale with scars from gear entanglements around its fluke. Entanglements are a primary driver of the whales’ decline.

“North Atlantic right whales are struggling to survive, and it shows.

Most of the 360 or so North Atlantic right whales alive today bear scars from entanglements in fishing gear and collisions with speeding ships and, according to a new study, they are much smaller than they should be.”

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Fonte: New York Times, 3 junho 2021

“Sri Lanka is facing the worst environmental disaster in its history after a cargo ship carrying chemicals caught fire off its coast, spilling microplastics across the country’s pristine beaches and killing marine life. The fire on MV X-Press Pearl, a Singapore-registered ship, broke out on 20 May and has been burning ever since. The Sri Lankan navy and Indian coastguard have been trying to reduce the flames for more than 10 days.”

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Fonte: The Guardian, 31 maio 2021

“Foreign fishing fleets, mostly Chinese, are “pillaging” the waters off the coast of Argentina and are disappearing from public tracking systems, likely hiding illegal, unreported, and unregulated (IUU) fishing activity, according to the latest publication from marine sustainability non-governmental organization Oceana.”

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Fonte: SeaFoodSource, 2 junho 2021

Firefighters in helicopters battle a 1,300 acre brush fire in Pacific Palisades on May 17.

“On May 27, the World Meteorological Organization released its decadal survey, which included dire predictions: there is a 90 percent chance that one of the next five years will be the hottest on record, and a 40 percent chance that we will experience a year with a global average temperature 2.7 degrees Fahrenheit above pre-industrial levels.

The Paris Agreement has denoted 2.7 degrees Fahrenheit of change as a benchmark of global warming to avoid. Although one year of reaching that level of warming does not mean the Paris Agreement has been broken; the agreement refers to averages taken over many years. But it shows that the world remains on a trend of warming temperatures.”

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Fonte: Smithsonian Magazine, 1 de julho de 2021.

Publicado por: pongpesca | 2021/06/02

Harvest strategies: fisheries for the 21st century

Mais informação sobre o evento aqui.

U.S. Homeland Security Secretary Alejandro Mayorkas testifies during a Senate Homeland  Security and Governmental Affairs Committee on unaccompanied minors arriving at the U.S.-Mexico border, in the Dirksen Senate Office Building on Capitol Hill in Washington, DC, U.S. May 13, 2021. Graeme Jennings/Pool via REUTERS

“U.S. Customs and Border Protection on Friday imposed a new import ban on seafood from a Chinese fishing fleet that the agency says is using forced labor on its 32 vessels, including abuses against many Indonesian workers.

The CBP said it will immediately detain tuna, swordfish and other products from the Dalian Ocean Fishing Co Ltd at U.S. ports of entry. The “withhold release order” banning the imports also applies to other end-use products containing seafood from the company, such as canned tuna and pet food, a CBP official said.”

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Fonte: Reuters, 31 de maio de 2021.

“A Secretaria Regional do Mar e das Pescas, por via da Direcção Regional dos Assuntos do Mar, reuniu-se sexta-feira, 28 de Maio, na Horta, com a Atlânticoline com o objectivo de cooperar na conservação da biodiversidade marinha dos Açores, uma colaboração que é estabelecida ao abrigo do projecto LIFE IP Azores Natura e que será concretizada num protocolo de cooperação entre as duas entidades.
A articulação entre a Atlânticoline e a Direcção Regional dos Assuntos do Mar prevê o registo sistemático, por observadores embarcados, de megafauna e lixo marinho, avistáveis a partir dos navios da empresa transportadora. Em paralelo, será divulgada, durante as viagens, informação sobre as espécies marinhas observadas.”

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Fonte: Agricultura e Mar, 31 de maio de 2021

“COVID-19 has proven that our government can use science to save lives. Now is the time for the Department of Fisheries and Oceans Canada to apply science to Canada’s precious wild fisheries.
Internal documents obtained via the Access to Information Act provide disturbing insight into how the Department of Fisheries and Oceans (DFO) is misusing science. When government scientists recommended urgent protective measures to rescue the collapsing Fraser River steelhead (a type of sea-going trout), the assistant deputy minister’s office altered the report, so no action was taken.”

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Fonte: ipolitics, 31 de maio de 2021

Bottlenose dolphins swim off the shores of the Galápagos Islands, one of the inaugural sites utilizing Global Fishing Watch’s new marine management tool.

“Effective marine protections provide key policy tools to safeguard biodiversity, enhance fisheries, build resilience against the effects of climate change, and sustain healthy coastal communities. However, realizing such benefits depends on the ability of people who manage marine spaces, including marine protected areas (MPAs), other effective area-based conservation measures (OECMs), and fisheries to evaluate and effectively manage protected waters.
National governments and marine agencies often lack critical information about how human activities, such as fishing, impact marine biology and ocean health, which can lead to ineffective protected areas.”

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Fonte: The Pew Charitable Trusts, 27 de maio de 2021

Publicado por: pongpesca | 2021/05/31

China is Setting Up its First Marine National Parks

shandong

“The Changdao archipelago marks the threshold between the Bohai and Yellow seas. It is already home to nine national protected areas, including marine parks, geoparks and reserves for birds and marine mammals.
Late last year, Shandong announced its intention to create a marine national park at Changdao. If successful, it would be one of the country’s first such parks.
China started piloting a national parks system in 2015, to improve its management of nature reserves. “National parks are protected areas with complete ecosystems, unique scenery, rich biodiversity, large areas and tough protections,” according to Chen Shang, a member of the committee establishing technical standards for national parks and nature reserves.”

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Fonte: The Maritime Executive, 30 de maio de 2021

“Portugal já utilizou mais de 50% da quota de pesca para 2021 de quatro espécies e outras duas aproximam-se da metade, segundo dados da Direção-Geral de Recursos Naturais Segurança e Serviços Marítimos (DGRM) enviados à Lusa.
No caso da solha, a utilização está já em 102%, ultrapassando as 26 toneladas estipuladas para a captura desta espécie.
Seguem-se o biqueirão (74%), o cantarilho (58%) e os imperadores (55%).
Por sua vez, a quota de pesca da sarda e do goraz aproximam-se da metade com, respetivamente, 46% e 45%.”

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Fonte: Observador, 29 de maio de 2021

A woman collects recyclable plastics washed up on the beach in Bali, Indonesia.

“Twenty companies are responsible for producing more than half of all the single-use plastic waste in the world, fuelling the climate crisis and creating an environmental catastrophe, new research reveals.
Among the global businesses responsible for 55% of the world’s plastic packaging waste are both state-owned and multinational corporations, including oil and gas giants and chemical companies, according to a comprehensive new analysis.”

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Fonte: The Guardian, 18 de maio de 2021

“Many seabirds in the Northern Hemisphere are struggling to breed — and in the Southern Hemisphere, they may not be far behind. These are the conclusions of a study, published May 27 in Science, analyzing more than 50 years of breeding records for 67 seabird species worldwide.”

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Fonte: University of Washington, 27 Mai 2021

“Uma misteriosa esponja marinha roxa, descoberta há 10 anos durante uma expedição científica na zona costeira entre Essex e Northumberland, em Inglaterra, só agora recebeu um nome comum, escolhido por uma criança de 9 anos.”

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Fonte: Wilder, 14 Mai 2021


“O tubarão-gnomo, o tubarão-cobra e o tubarão-porco são três espécies de tubarões bastante raros encontrados por investigadores do CCMAR, na costa sudoeste de Portugal, revelou recentemente a Universidade do Algarve.

A descoberta aconteceu em Março durante uma saída de campo da equipa de investigadores do projecto DELASMOP, dedicado aos elasmobrânquios (tubarões e raias) de profundidade.”

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Fonte: Wilder, 27 Mai 2021

Publicado por: pongpesca | 2021/05/27

No Norway fishing deal this year, Hull MP claims

Kirkella

“A deal to allow UK trawlers to fish in Norwegian waters will not happen until at least next year, an MP has claimed.

Talks about access broke down in April and Hull Labour MP Karl Turner said the fisheries minster told him in a recent meeting there would be “no negotiations for the rest of this year”.”

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Fonte: BBC, 26 de maio de 2021.

Publicado por: pongpesca | 2021/05/27

Assessing the carbon footprint of aquaculture

The carbon footprint of farmed aquatic animals varies immensely

“Reliable figures on the carbon footprints of different aquaculture species are hard to find – not least due to the variety of production systems they come from – but all suggest that aquaculture holds its own against other forms of animal protein production.

In simple terms, a food product’s carbon footprint is expressed as the total kg of CO2 (or relative amounts of other greenhouse gases which are converted to CO2 units, based on a comparable global warming impact) released per kg of finished, edible product. This total value involves all activities over the course of production, processing, distribution and waste disposal/degradation (including food waste). All of these phases taken together are referred to as the product life cycle. Estimates of emission quantities are generated for each input in each phase, and then combined.”

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Fonte: The Fish Site, 27 de maio de 2021.

Publicado por: pongpesca | 2021/05/27

Explainer: Electronic Monitoring on fishing boats

on-board camera fliming activities on a fishing vessel.

“An estimated 26 million metric tonnes of fish are lost every year to a cycle of illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing (IUU). This figure reflects a gaping hole in fisheries management: the majority of the ocean and its fisheries remain unmonitored, leaving whole ecosystems vulnerable to collapse.

This is why fishing vessels are increasingly moving under the digital gaze of a growing array of satellites, planes and drones that track their position and behaviour. One growing player in this surveillance space is known as Electronic Monitoring or EM, and involves onboard cameras filming fishing activity.”

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Fonte: China Dialogue Ocean, 26 de maio de 2021.

Saildrones são os novos exploradores marítimos que ajudam na luta contra as alterações climáticas

“As alterações climáticas estão a mudar o nosso planeta. Estima-se que devido ao aumento da temperatura atmosférica nas últimas décadas a Terra tenha perdido 28 triliões de toneladas de gelo, levando a um aumento significativo do nível das águas do mar. Segundo dados da NASA, o nível aumentou quase 18 centímetros nos últimos 100 anos.

“Ao longo do tempo têm vindo a ser desenvolvidas diversas formas de medir o impacto das alterações climáticas e a norte-americana Saildrone pretende recolher dados acerca das consequências do fenómeno nos oceanos através dos seus “drones” marítimos.”

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Fonte: SAPO, 25 de maio de 2021.

“Oceana is calling on MEPs to support a ban on bottom trawling, the most harmful and unselective fishing gear, in all EU marine protected areas (MPAs). The European Parliament’s environment committee (ENVI) will vote on its opinion on the EU 2030 Biodiversity Strategy on 27-28 May.

Marine Protection at Oceana in Europe Campaign Director Nicolas Fournier said: “Banning bottom-trawling inside protected areas is a no-brainer, especially as new data shows that in addition to being highly destructive, bottom-trawling also releases enormous amounts of carbon stored in the seabed. We urgently need actual protection for our ‘protected’ areas, and a transition to low-impact, low-carbon fisheries in Europe.””

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Fonte: EU Reporter, 26 de maio de 2021.

Publicado por: pongpesca | 2021/05/26

The Big Problems Facing China’s Small Fisheries

Fisherwomen sort through the catch in Wanning, Hainan province, 2019. Courtesy of Chen Mingzhi

“Rongshanliao is situated on the west coast of Haikou, the capital of the southern island province of Hainan. Hemmed in behind government buildings, housing developments, and a railway station, it is one of just two remaining fishing villages in the city.

Not long after 1 a.m., when most of the city’s residents are sound asleep, the fishers of Rongshanliao push their way out to sea. Half an hour later, their 8-meter-long boats arrive at their destination some 2 nautical miles offshore. Rongshanliao fishers cast their nets according to the flow of the tides: Today marks the end of a cycle, and they are here to retrieve the last four nets they placed.”

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Fonte: Sixth Tone, 25 de maio de 2021.

File:World Economic Forum logo.svg - Wikimedia Commons

“More than one-third of all fish stocks are fished at unsustainable levels, degrading biodiversity, and devastating the future of fisheries and fishermen. Despite this, many governments around the world continue to spend taxpayer money to encourage overfishing, through fisheries subsidies that contribute to overcapacity and destructive fishing practices.
Attempts to eliminate this ‘tragedy of the commons’ started two decades ago when it was put on the agenda of the World Trade Organization (WTO).”

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Fonte: World Economic Forum, 25 de maio de 2021

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