“A new fisheries law enacted this month in Mozambique is being hailed as a landmark by conservationists. It seeks to empower communities and extend protection to an array of threatened marine species, including whale sharks, manta rays and dolphins.

“This is a huge step for Mozambique; a huge step for organizations like us, and also for the communities,” said Emerson Neves, project manager at Marine Megafauna Foundation (MMF), one of the NGOs that lobbied for expanded protections. He added that implementing the law will be a lot of work.”

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Fonte: Mongabay, 19 de janeiro de 2021.

“A Polícia Marítima de Faro apreendeu esta segunda-feira uma teia composta por 200 alcatruzes e sete quilómetros de comprimento, a cerca de um quarto de milha da Ilha Deserta, em Faro, por falta de sinalização e por estar em zona não permitida, considerando a distância a terra.

Nos alcatruzes (armadilha de abrigo dirigida à captura de polvo) estavam cerca de 30 quilos de polvo, que foi devolvido ao habitat natural por se encontrar vivo.”

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Fonte: Postal, 21 de janeiro de 2021.

Fishing in Torbay

“At the eleventh hour, the EU and UK agreed a deal to govern relations between the two parties when the Brexit transition period ended on 31 December 2020.

Throughout the Brexit Referendum campaign, and all the ups and downs of negotiating the withdrawal agreement and subsequent deal, fisheries had a high profile. So, what does the draft EU-UK Trade and Cooperation Agreement (TCA) say on fisheries?”

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Fonte: ABPmer, 4 de janeiro de 2021.

Researchers used drone technology, satellite imagery and good, old-fashioned counting © Christian Aslund

“Just over two hundred years ago, explorers set eyes on Antarctica for the first time. Since then, the number of people and activities have continued to increase in Antarctica and its surrounding waters. Ventures such as research, tourism and fishing have raised concern about the impacts of pollution, human intrusion and disturbance. One of the biggest worries is the overharvesting of krill, as this is a key food source for many species of Antarctic wildlife.”

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Fonte: BirdLife International, 18 de janeiro de 2021

“Uma aliança de 13 ONG, entre elas a portuguesa Sciaena, exigem à UE medidas concretas para o mar, incluindo mais áreas protegidas e a restrição de artes de pesca destrutivas. Corremos o risco de desaparecerem espécies que ainda nem foram descobertas, avisam. Conheça as dez propostas em cima da mesa.
Até 2030, 30% dos oceanos têm de ser santuários marinhos, onde a pesca será muito limitada ou mesmo interdita, tal como consta de relatórios científicos. Esta é uma das recomendações de uma coligação de organizações não-governamentais, incluindo a Greenpeace, The Nature Conservancy, a Oceana e a portuguesa Sciaena.”

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Ver documento “De volta à origem: salvar a biodiversidade da Europa começa no oceano” aqui.

Fonte: Visão, 19 de janeiro de 2021

Publicado por: pongpesca | 2021/01/20

Who is the high seas fishing industry?

One Earth (@OneEarth_CP) | Twitter

“Seafood companies rarely disclose what or where they are fishing. To provide a first overview of the fishing industry in the high seas—the area beyond national jurisdiction—we linked fishing activity in the high seas to vessel owners and corporate actors. We identified 1,120 corporate actors for 2,482 vessels (∼2/3 of high seas fishing vessels and effort in 2018) and found that the top 100 corporate actors account for 36% of all high seas fishing effort. As attribution for anthropogenic activities expands beyond a national framework, we demonstrate the feasibility of methods to identify the high seas fishing industry. These results provide a unique lens through which to view accountability for the use and protection of marine biodiversity.”

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Fonte: One Earth

A trawl net is hauled to the surface after being dragged along the seabed; ‘bottom trawling’ is one of the most controversial fishing practices because the large amount of bycatch harms biodiversity.

“A coalition of NGOs is calling for an urgent ban on destructive bottom trawling in EU marine protected areas, after the failure of member states to defend seas.
The ban is part of a 10-point action plan to “raise the bar” to achieve biodiversity targets, which they say will not be met by current promises, such as last year’s high-profile pledge by world leaders at the UN summit on biodiversity in New York to reverse nature loss by 2030.”

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Fonte: The Guardian, 18 de janeiro de 2021

El Diario – WILPF

“En diciembre de 1872 partió del puerto inglés de Portsmouth el HMS Challenger en lo que se ha considerado la primera expedición oceanográfica moderna. En febrero de 1873 el Challenger llegaba a las Islas Canarias. Allí, por primera vez, extrajo de las profundidades oceánicas una pequeña piedra, más o menos del tamaño de una patata. Se trataba de un nódulo polimetálico de ferro-manganeso. Hoy sabemos que estos nódulos contienen también concentraciones significativas de cobre, cobalto, níquel y titanio y, por eso mismo, se ha desatado una carrera submarina para llegar al fondo (o, más bien, tocar fondo).”

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Fonte: El Diario, 16 de janeiro de 2021

An underwater view of a Posidonia oceanica seagrass meadow in the Mediterranean sea that may help catch plastic pollution in the water.

“Underwater seagrass in coastal areas appear to trap plastic pollution in natural bundles of fibre known as “Neptune balls”, researchers have found.
With no help from humans, the swaying plants – anchored to shallow seabeds – may collect nearly 900m plastic items in the Mediterranean alone every year, a study reported in the journal Scientific Reports said.
“We show that plastic debris in the seafloor can be trapped in seagrass remains, eventually leaving the marine environment through beaching,” lead author Anna Sanchez-Vidal, a marine biologist at the University of Barcelona, told AFP.”

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Fonte: The Guardian, 15 de janeiro de 2021

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“The 2019-2020 pandemic of the SARS-CoV-2 virus—the cause of the novel COVID-19 disease—is an exceptional moment in modern human history. The abrupt and intense cessation of human activities in the first months of the pandemic, when large parts of the global human population were in lockdown, had noticeable effects on the environment that can serve to identify key learning experiences to foster a deep reflection on the human relationship with nature, and their interdependence. There are precious lessons to be learned. A global, tangible threat was needed to trigger a global lockdown, where different societies adopted different strategies and management measures to adapt or transform their activities. Humanity is still coming to terms with how to relaunch the economy while preventing further outbreaks.”

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Fonte: Research Gate

Publicado por: pongpesca | 2021/01/18

Why are ocean warming records so important?

Coral bleaching in Kimbe Bay, Papua New Guinea.

“As if 2020 could get any worse, the latest research showed that oceans hit their highest recorded temperatures, a record that keeps getting broken year after year.
Why are the oceans so important? It is quite simple: almost all of the extra heat we gain because of greenhouse gases ultimately ends up in the oceans. In fact, the oceans absorb more than 90% of the excess heat. Consequently, if you want to understand global warming, you have to measure ocean warming.”

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Fonte: The Guardian, 14 de janeiro de 2021

Home - Marevivo

“72 civil society organisations from the EU and across the globe have called on Members of the European Parliament (MEPs) to end secrecy around how fishing activities are controlled and sanctioned in a crucial vote to be taken in the Fisheries Committee on 26 January 2021.
In a letter (ita – eng)sent to all MEPs, the signatories warn that the lack of transparency in the current implementation of the EU Fisheries Control Regulation means the law is in fact failing to prevent illegal fishing. This, in turn, is a major threat to the sustainability of marine resources, food security and the livelihoods of local communities.”

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Fonte: MAREVIVO, 14 de janeiro de 2021

Publicado por: pongpesca | 2021/01/15

The Anthropocene Ocean

Near the island of Aragusuku, Japan. Photo credit: Tomoe Steineck

January 27, 2021 – 9:00am to 10:30am PT
Registration closes the morning of the event at 7:30 am (PT)

“Humans have become a dominant force of planetary change. This epoch, referred to as the Anthropocene, implies profound alterations to the Earth’s marine and terrestrial ecosystems upon which so many people depend. The prospect of a new era of blue growth, in particular, poses unprecedented sustainability and governance challenges to the ocean, as marine ecosystems face cumulative pressures from local human impacts, global climate change, and distal socioeconomic drivers. This session will explore what the Anthropocene means for the ocean and how to steer it in a sustainable and equitable way. With the UN Decade of Ocean Science for Sustainable Development poised to begin, panelists will present new research frontiers at the science-policy-practice interface and discuss how to approach ocean sustainability in the 21st century.”

Ver mais informações e registo aqui.

Fonte: Stanford University, Janeiro 2021

“The Global Aquaculture Alliance’s Global Seafood Assurances (GSA) venture – launched in 2018 – has had its first vessel reach its Responsible Fishing Vessel Standard (RFVS). The Antarctic Discovery, which belongs to Australian Longline Fishing, is a longliner operating in a Marine Stewardship Council (MSC)-certified fishery for Patagonian and Antarctic toothfish. The vessel, which is 56-meters long and carries a crew of between 20 to 25 people – plus two observers – was awarded the RFVS certificate by Lloyds Register, the GSA announced.”

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Fonte: SeaFoodSource, 14 de janeiro 2021

A baby epaulette shark – an egg-laying shark that is unique to the Great Barrier Reef. New research found they spent up to 25 days less in their egg cases under higher ocean temperatures.

“Baby sharks will emerge from their egg cases earlier and weaker as water temperatures rise, according to a new study that examined the impact of warming oceans on embryos.

About 40% of all shark species lay eggs, and the researchers found that one species unique to the Great Barrier Reef spent up to 25 days less in their egg cases under temperatures expected by the end of the century.”

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Fonte: The Guardian, 12 janeiro 2021

Publicado por: pongpesca | 2021/01/14

Pesca do cerco autorizada a descargas superiores a 20%

Pesca do cerco autorizada a descargas superiores a 20%

“”Excecionalmente, até 20 viagens de pesca por ano, não é aplicável o disposto” no Regulamento da Pesca por Arte de Cerco, determina o Ministério da Agricultura, do Desenvolvimento Rural e das Pescas, numa portaria hoje publicada em Diário da República e que entra em vigor na quarta-feira.

Segundo o regulamento, a pesca com redes de cerco é dirigida à captura de sardinha, cavala, sarda, boga, biqueirão e carapau, e a captura acessória de espécies distintas só é permitida até ao limite de 20%, em peso vivo, calculado em função do total da captura das espécies alvo, por viagem.”

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Fonte: Notícias ao Minuto, 12 de janeiro de 2021.

“Two years ago, a law banning the wasteful practice of tossing unwanted fish overboard came fully into effect in European waters. But a study reveals the law, intended to reduce overfishing, has led to the opposite: To allay industry concerns, regulators have significantly increased fishing quotas, while providing ever more exemptions that make the policy even more difficult to enforce.

The findings show “how the good intentions of the reformed common fisheries policy of Europe were undermined,” says Rainer Froese, a fisheries scientist with GEOMAR Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research, who was not involved in the study.”

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Fonte: ScienceMag, 13 de janeiro de 2021.

Publicado por: pongpesca | 2021/01/14

The deep sea discoveries of 2020 are stunning

Perhaps the longest animal ever recorded: An estimated 150-foot-long siphonophore.

“This spring, over 2,000 feet down in the Indian Ocean, a robot exploring a canyon happened upon a fantastical, loosely coiled creature. The siphonophore, found suspended in the water, might be the longest animal ever discovered. It’s well over 150 feet in length.

The discovery, made by scientists aboard the R/V Falkor, a vessel operated by the marine research organization the Schmidt Ocean Institute, was one of many unique sightings in, or newly published research about, the deep sea this year. The worst pandemic in a century may have canceled many marine expeditions, but discoveries in the ocean deep — abetted by robotic explorers — continued apace in 2020.”

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Fonte: Mashable, 23 de dezembro de 2020.

A study has found microplastics in 96 of 97 sea water samples taken from across the polar region.

“The Arctic is “pervasively” polluted by microplastic fibres that most likely come from the washing of synthetic clothes by people in Europe and North America, research has found.
The most comprehensive study to date found the microplastics in 96 of 97 sea water samples taken from across the polar region. More than 92% of the microplastics were fibres, and 73% of these were made of polyester and were the same width and colours as those used in clothes. Most of the samples were taken from 3-8 metres below the surface, where much marine life feeds.”

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Fonte: The Guardian, 12 de janeiro de 2021

Publicado por: pongpesca | 2021/01/13

Redes abandonadas: los fantasmas del mar

Las Provincias - Crunchbase Company Profile & Funding

“En realidad su nombre técnico es ALDFG, por las siglas inglesas de la expresión ‘artes de pesca abandonadas, perdidas o desechadas’, pero la manera más común de referirse a ellas es ‘redes fantasma’. Y pocas veces un apelativo coloquial ha resultado más gráfico. Al igual que los espectros de las novelas góticas, las redes fantasma tuvieron alguna vez una vida, un periodo útil en el que atrapaban peces para los pescadores, pero su existencia actual viene a ser una sombra siniestra de aquel pasado: aunque ya nadie aproveche las capturas, ellas siguen desempeñando su tarea por su cuenta, durante un periodo de tiempo que puede extenderse cientos de años, igual que fantasmas traslúcidos que no se han enterado de su muerte.”

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Fonte: Las Provincias, 11 de janeiro de 2021

Members of the crew of the trawler 'Good Fellowship' process the day's catch after berthing in Eyemouth Harbour in the Scottish Borders, December 16, 2020 .

“Post-Brexit red tape is causing some UK exports to the EU to grind to a halt, industry bodies have warned, as the new rules that came into force at New Year begin to bite.
One fish exporter said on Monday that prices were “collapsing” in the Scottish port of Peterhead, amid reports that seafood prices fell by as much as 80% due to “export blockages”.
It follows an earlier warning that “dozens of fish lorries have failed to leave Scotland on time after Brexit regulations came into force”.
There are fears that UK exports to the continent could experience severe delays as French authorities step up enforcement of new trade rules.”

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Fonte: Euronews, 11 de janeiro de 2021

“How much more is there to discover about the ocean?

At the moment, only around 10 per cent of the ocean’s make-up is understood by science. In the years ahead, we will have some very important decisions to take on our relationship with this planet and we will need to make them on the basis of solid science. With the ocean covering 70 per cent of the planet, full scientific knowledge of its properties is clearly required. It is for this reason that the UN Decade of Ocean Science for Sustainable Development assumes such great importance for us all.”

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Fonte: UN News, 8 de janeiro de 2021

Whales

“A coalition of more than 50 countries has committed to protect almost a third of the planet by 2030 to halt the destruction of the natural world and slow extinctions of wildlife.
The High Ambition Coalition (HAC) for Nature and People, which includes the UK and countries from six continents, made the pledge to protect at least 30% of the planet’s land and oceans before the One Planet summit in Paris on Monday, hosted by the French president, Emmanuel Macron.”

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Fonte: The Guardian, 11 de janeiro de 2021

Publicado por: pongpesca | 2021/01/12

EU, Greenland ink new fisheries partnership agreement

“Negotiations have concluded for a new sustainable fisheries partnership agreement (SFPA) and protocol between the European Union and Greenland that will strengthen their cooperation in the fisheries sector for the next four years, with the possibility of a two-year extension.
According to the European Commission, the agreement is “a new important milestone” in the long-standing bilateral cooperation between the E.U. and Greenland on fisheries issues, and renews their commitment in promoting a sustainable use of marine resources.”

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Fonte: Seafood Source, 11 de janeiro de 2021

Ice arches

“Look down on the Arctic from space and you can see some beautiful arch-like structures sculpted out of sea-ice.
They form in a narrow channel called Nares Strait, which divides the Canadian archipelago from Greenland.
As floes funnel southward down this restricted conduit, they ram up against the coastline to form a dam, and then everything comes to a standstill.
“They look just like the arches in a gothic cathedral,” observes Kent Moore from the University of Toronto.”

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Fonte: BBC News, 9 de janeiro de 2021

Publicado por: pongpesca | 2021/01/11

FARNET Magazine n°18

“This 2020 edition of the FARNET magazine takes a look at how FLAGs have been helping fisheries and aquaculture sectors deal with the current challenges posed by the COVID-19 coronavirus; some of the issues Mediterranean FLAGs have been working on; and the particularities of inland FLAGs. We share how fisheries CLLD is making an impact on the research community and shine a light on how one FLAG is preparing for the next programming period.”

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Fonte: FARNET

Publicado por: pongpesca | 2021/01/11

The United Nations’ Ocean Decade has officially begun

ocean-decennies-onu (1)

“Inaugurated on January 1st 2021, the Ocean Decade will end in 2030. The initiative aims to promote marine conservation and the sustainable use of marine resources.
A decade to mobilise the scientific community, policymakers, the business world, and civil society for ocean protection. The aim of the UNESCO’s Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission for the 2020s is as ambitious as it is urgent.”

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Fonte: Monaco Tribune, 8 de janeiro de 2021

“A fleet of more than 300 mostly Chinese-flagged fishing ships that caused consternation among the governments of Ecuador and Peru this summer when it was spotted fishing around their respective exclusive economic zones, has continued to fish in the Pacific Ocean around South America, and affected countries are coordinating actions to stop it. The fleet was spotted by Ecuadorian maritime officials in mid-July as it arrived outside of the Galápagos Marine Reserve in international waters near Ecuador’s exclusive economic zone. The fleet was subsequently accused of shutting off its GPS trackers to enable it to fish illegally in protected waters without being detected.”

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Fonte: SeaFoodSource, 5 de janeiro 2021

The divers struggled to release the shark (pictured), asking a fisherman for help at a pier

“Heartbreaking video shows the moment scuba divers rescue a shark that was trapped by a fishing line. In footage recorded by scuba diver Jules Casey, the Port Jackson shark is lying limp on a seabed with a hook in its mouth at Flinders Pier in the Mornington Peninsula, Victoria. When the diver picked up the shark to inspect the damage, it flailed around to try and escape the line which was pinning it to the ocean floor.”

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Fonte: Daily Mail, 6 de janeiro 2021

“In fisheries management, Maximum Sustainable Yield or MSY refers to the theoretical highest catch that a fish stock can support in the long-term, given that environmental conditions do not change much. Almost 70 years ago, US fisheries scientist M.B. Schaefer proposed that catches up to MSY could be obtained and maintained if fisheries managers made sure that the fishers left in the water a biomass equivalent to at least 50 per cent of the unexploited fish population, that is, of its initial biomass. This unexploited biomass, or ‘carrying capacity,’ represents the population size which the ecosystem would normally accommodate.”

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Fonte: Sea Around Us, 4 de janeiro 2021

Publicado por: pongpesca | 2021/01/07

Namibian fishery reduces seabird deaths by 98%

Atlantic Yellow-nosed Albatross (Endangered) in courtship display © Ben Dilley

“After over a decade of work with the country’s fishing industry and fisheries managers, the Albatross Task Force (ATF) in Namibia are celebrating a major conservation success. A new paper hot off the press shows that seabird deaths in the Namibian demersal longline fishery have been reduced by 98%. That equates to 22,000 birds saved every year! Yes, you read that right. What a win.

This achievement is thanks to effective government regulation and dedicated grassroots engagement with the industry by our dedicated team of seabird bycatch instructors, including Titus Shaanika (read an interview with Titus) and team leader Samantha Matjila. The Task Force engage directly with the fishing industry and demonstrate the simple measures that can prevent birds being caught on longline fishing hooks or killed by collisions with the thick steel cables that haul trawl nets through the water.”

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Fonte: Birdlife International, 7 de janeiro de 2021.

GNR apreende 83 barbatanas de tubarão no Porto de Pesca de Sesimbra

“Segundo a informação divulgada, a apreensão da Unidade de Controlo Costeiro (UCC) de Setúbal ocorreu após a fiscalização de uma embarcação de pesca do espadarte.

“Por ser proibido remover as barbatanas dos tubarões a bordo dos navios e manter a bordo, transbordar ou desembarcá-las, foram identificados o mestre da embarcação e a empresa responsável da embarcação. Foi ainda elaborado o respetivo auto de contraordenação, cuja coima pode atingir 25.000 euros”, indicou a GNR em comunicado.”

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Fonte: Notícias ao Minuto, 6 de janeiro de 2021.

A bowhead whale in Vrangel Bay, off the Russian Pacific coast. The species were nearly hunted to extinction by the turn of the 20th century.

“In some rare good news from the top of the world, bowhead whale populations have rebounded and are nearing pre-commercial whaling numbers in US waters.

Surprisingly, the whales’ recovery has actually accelerated as the Arctic warms, according to an update on the species published this week by the National Ocean and Atmospheric Administration.”

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Fonte: The Guardian, 12 de dezembro de 2020.

Publicado por: pongpesca | 2021/01/06

Pandemic boosts interest in aquaculture innovation

Heather Jones, CEO of SAIC

“Earlier in the year, the innovation centre launched its ongoing rapid-response funding programme to support investment in innovation at a highly challenging time. The latest recruits are the Isle of Skye Mussel Company and Malin Group, who have brought its membership beyond 150.
The consortium acts as a connecting point for different parts of the sector, including seafood producers, supply chain companies, regulators, and the public sector. Beyond aquaculture, sectors represented range from biotechnology, subsea companies and equipment suppliers, to logistics firms and retailers.”

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Fonte: The Fish Site, 6 de janeiro de 2021

Publicado por: pongpesca | 2021/01/06

Winning the fight against marine pollution

“Unless you live, work or spend your leisure time on or beside the sea or a river, these bodies or water can be easy to ignore. It might be nice to take a walk along the river or spend a day at the beach, but beyond that, you may barely think about them at all. Even if you’re concerned about climate change and the environment, your focus might be on urban issues such as electric cars, emission-free zones, solar panels for your roof and trying to ‘buy local’.
But the health of our oceans and waterways has a bigger impact on our planet, our environment and therefore, our lives, than you might think.”

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Fonte: Sustain Europe, 6 de janeiro de 2021

Los pescadores descargan las capturas en el puerto de Bueu, en Pontevedra.

“Se podría decir que ha sido uno más de los numerosos fracasos planetarios de 2020. Dos décadas llevan los miembros de la Organización Mundial del Comercio (OMC) negociando la eliminación de las subvenciones que fomentan la sobrepesca y la pesca ilegal sin que hasta ahora hayan conseguido cerrar un acuerdo. El plazo se cumplió el 31 de diciembre y los 164 países sentados a la mesa se han dado una prórroga en este 2021 que, para desesperación del embajador colombiano Santiago Wills, presidente del grupo negociador, no será gratis.”

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Fonte: El Pais, 3 de janeiro de 2021

EU bans plastic waste from being shipped to developing countries

“The European Union has banned all non-recyclable plastic waste being shipped to developing nations from 1 January.
The large quantity of plastic sent to the Global South is often not being properly treated. A lot of this waste ends up either in landfill, the ocean, or being incinerated because these countries often don’t have the capacity to sustainably treat the waste.”

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Fonte: euronews, 25 de dezembro de 2020

“You’ve heard of throwing back the little fish — what about throwing back the big ones?
That’s the question researchers are asking in a Canadian study on the survival rate of large Atlantic halibut released after being caught by commercial fishing fleets.
This is not an academic exercise. It could lead to a maximum size limit for halibut, a valuable groundfish in Atlantic Canada.
“It is worth considering whether a maximum size would also be of benefit to make sure that those very large animals that are spawners could continue to contribute to the population,” said Nell den Heyer, a research scientist with the Department of Fisheries and Oceans.”

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Fonte: CBC News, 5 de janeiro de 2021

Amy Rose, fishing in Newlyn

“Superstition among fishing crews has traditionally said that women on ships are bad luck – and it is among many of the reasons women in the fishing industry are in short supply.
Now though, they are being urged to join Britain’s fishing fleet by the first UK organisation to emerge that is actively encouraging women to join the fishing industry.
UK Women in Fisheries was set up last month to get more women involved as fleet managers, skippers, commercial fishers, fishmongers, processors or gutters, among other roles.”

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Fonte: The Guardian, 3 de janeiro de 2020

Publicado por: pongpesca | 2021/01/04

The battle over biodegradable plastics

Going To Waste: Japan’s Plastic Problem

“There’s a spat between tech companies trying to develop a new generation of plastics that biodegrade harmlessly without leaving a trace and skeptics worried that such novel substances won’t live up to their promise and will worsen the plastic waste problem.
The companies are calling for more time to perfect their inventions — which they say differ from earlier efforts to make cleaner plastics — while environmental campaigners demand even firmer regulatory action to get rid of plastic garbage. Firms are also battling against the image problem of an earlier generation of innovative biodegradable plastics that experts say haven’t lived up to the hype.”

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Fonte: Politico, 3 de janeiro de 2020

Publicado por: pongpesca | 2021/01/04

Oceans in peril, humans at risk

Philip Landrigan, M.D.

“Ocean pollution is widespread and getting worse, and when toxins in the oceans make landfall they imperil the health and well-being of more than 3 billion people, according to a new report by an international coalition of scientists led by Boston College’s Global Observatory on Pollution on Health and the Centre Scientifique de Monaco, supported by the Prince Albert II of Monaco Foundation.
Atop the proposals to remediate ocean pollution, the researchers recommend: banning coal combustion and the production of single-use plastics, controlling coastal pollution, and expanding marine protected areas.”

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Fonte: Boston College News, 3 de janeiro de 2020

Publicado por: pongpesca | 2020/12/31

An Estimated 1.5 Billion Masks Have Entered Oceans In 2020

gettyimages-1224641258-1609166640116.jpg

“While masks and other protective items have been vital in the fight against COVID-19, they can have an incredibly detrimental impact on the environment. According to some estimates, humans globally use and dispose of an estimated 129 billion face masks and 65 billion plastic gloves every month.

Inevitably, some of those items will end up in our oceans, where they can wreak havoc on the marine ecosystem. And according to a recent report by conservation organization OceansAsia, the number of face masks that made it into the planet’s oceans this year may be as high as 1.5 billion.”

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Fonte: Greenmatters, 28 de dezembro de 2020.

Two researchers are suspended over icy ocean.

“In 2019, the Canadian Coast Guard Icebreaker Amundsen travelled through some of the iciest waters of the north Atlantic Ocean just off Greenland.

On board were scientists from one of the largest oceanic research projects in the world.

It is called the ATLAS project and it has just handed down the findings of its five-year study of the Atlantic Ocean.”

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Fonte: ABC, 29 de dezembro de 2020.

A fishing boat in the harbour at Eyemouth in the Scottish Borders.

“Scotland’s fishing fleets face cuts to valuable fisheries such as cod and haddock under the Brexit deal negotiated by the UK, the Scottish government believes.

It said its analysis showed there would be increases in the quota available for Scottish trawlers in only five of 13 fishing areas around or close to Scotland, with clear falls in several of the largest such as North Sea cod.”

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Fonte: The Guardian, 29 de dezembro de 2020.

Members of the traditional fishing village of Urur-Kuppam in the southern Indian state of Tamil Nadu tend their gear. Increased competition and climatic changes are affecting the livelihood of such communities. Image by Vaishnavi Chandrashekhar.

“The world is on the brink of an important break-through. At the upcoming meeting of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), nations will soon pledge to expand the area of our oceans that must be covered by Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) to at least 30 percent. This signifies a growing understanding of the need to manage the seas more sustainably and sensitively.
We need more than the current 10 percent protection target because species and their habitats continue to decline at an alarming rate.”

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Fonte: Mongabay, 28 de dezembro de 2020

““In the face of inaction, coral reefs will soon disappear,” Leticia Carvalho, head of UNEP’s Marine and Freshwater Branch said on Monday.
“Humanity must act with evidence-based urgency, ambition and innovation to change the trajectory for this ecosystem, which is the canary in the coalmine for climate’s impact on oceans, before it’s too late.”
Coral reefs are incredibly important and sustain a wide variety of marine life. They also protect coastlines from erosions from waves and storms, sink carbon and nitrogen and help recycle nutrients.”

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Fonte: UN Environment, 22 de dezembro de 2020

Dolphin as we approached her on our research boat, she was listing aimlessly and not able to keep herself upright and we knew from that she was extremely compromised and close to death

“Dolphins are increasingly dying slow, painful deaths from skin lesions likened to severe burns as a result of exposure to fresh water, exacerbated by the climate crisis.
Researchers in the US and Australia have defined for the first time an emerging “freshwater skin disease” reported in coastal dolphin populations in the US, South America and Australia.
While cetaceans can survive in fresh water for short periods, sudden and prolonged exposure – such as when an animal becomes trapped, or the salinity of their habitat is affected by heavy rainfall – has been found to cause a form of dermatitis.”

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Fonte: The Guardian, 29 de dezembro de 2020

“”Já foram pagos aos beneficiários finais 5,17 milhões de euros”, lê-se numa nota publicada no ‘site’ do programa.
Estes pedidos de apoio tiveram início em maio e terminaram na passada terça-feira com 901 candidaturas do Continente e dos Açores.
O processo de decisão está em curso, mas já foram aprovadas 522 candidaturas, “que envolvem mais de 1.500 tripulantes”, com um apoio público de 6,2 milhões de euros.”

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Fonte: Jornal de Negócios, 28 de dezembro de 2020

Publicado por: pongpesca | 2020/12/29

Conselho europeu de ministros das Pescas em 2050

PÚBLICO — Pense bem, pense Público

“Em 2016, a Fundação Ellen MacAthur alertou para que no ano de 2050 existiria mais plástico do que peixe nos oceanos. O estudo falhou no ano por pouco, pois não poderia ter em conta a pandemia de 2020, com o extraordinário aumento de plásticos de uso único por questões sanitárias, sem que fosse assegurada uma estratégia para o seu correto descarte. A isto se associou o adiamento da transposição Directiva (UE) 2019/904 do Parlamento Europeu e do Conselho, relativa à redução do impacte de produtos de plástico no ambiente para as leis nacionais, mercê das dificuldades económicas do sector da restauração, o qual exigiu continuar a poder oferecer embalagens de take-away descartáveis.”

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Fonte: Público, 29 de dezembro de 2020

Medical News Today | LinkedIn

“Human actions are causing widespread damage to ocean ecosystems and threatening human health, a new report suggests.
An international team of researchers has highlighted the widespread damage human actions have caused to the world’s oceans, and in turn, to human health.
The research, which appears in the Annals of Global Health, lays out a series of recommendations for alleviating these damaging effects.”

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Fonte: Medical News Today, 12 de dezembro de 2020

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